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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form

10-K

(Mark one)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to

Commission file number: 1-33818


RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

48-1293684

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

1001 Calle Amanecer, San Clemente, California 92673

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(949) 429-6680

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

    Trading Symbol

Name of Each Exchange on which Registered

Common stock, $0.001 par value per share

RSLS

OTCQB Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   

Accelerated filer  

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No  

At June 30, 2020, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based upon the closing price of a share of the registrant’s common stock as reported by the OTCQB Market on that date was $1,769,725.

As of March 8, 2021, 6,166,554 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock were outstanding.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

None.


Table of Contents

RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES INC.

FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I

Item 1.

Business

1

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

14

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

34

Item 2.

Properties

34

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

34

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

34

PART II

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

34

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

35

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

36

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

46

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

78

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

78

Item 9B.

Other Information

78

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

79

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

81

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

83

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

84

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

85

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

86

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

86

EXHIBITS

87

SIGNATURES

92

Registered Trademarks and Trademark Applications: In the United States we have registered trademarks for LAP-BAND®, LAP-BAND AP®, LAP BAND SYSTEM®, RAPIDPORT®, RESHAPE® and RESHAPE MEDICAL®, each registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and trademark applications for RESHAPE VEST, and RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES. In addition, some or all of the marks LAP-BAND, LAP-BAND AP, LAP-BAND SYSTEM, RAPIDPORT, RESHAPE, RESHAPE MEDICAL, RESHAPE VEST, and RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES are the subject of either a trademark registration or an application for registration in Australia, Canada, the European Community, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, and the United Arab Emirates. We believe that we have common law trademark rights to RESHAPE VEST. This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains other trade names and trademarks and service marks of ReShape Lifesciences and of other companies.


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ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Our Company

ReShape Lifesciences Inc. is a premier global weight-loss solutions company, offering an integrated portfolio of proven products and services that manage and treat obesity and associated metabolic disease.

Our current portfolio includes the FDA-approved LAP-BAND® system, which provides minimally invasive, long-term treatment of obesity and is an alternative to more invasive and extreme surgical stapling procedures such as the gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy. The recently launched ReShapeCareTM virtual health coaching program is a novel reimbursed telehealth weight-management program that supports healthy lifestyle changes for all medically managed weight-loss patients, not just the LAP-BAND, further expanding our reach and market opportunity. The ReShape VestTM system is an investigational (outside the U.S.) minimally invasive, laparoscopically implanted medical device that wraps around the stomach, emulating the gastric volume reduction effect of conventional weight-loss surgery. It helps enable rapid weight loss in obese and morbidly obese patients without permanently changing patient anatomy. The Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation is a technology under development as a new treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. ReShape’s Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation is expected to use bioelectronics to manage blood glucose in treatment of diabetes and individualized 24/7 glucose control. Additional products and accessories from the Company facilitate alternative gastric surgical procedures and ongoing product support for healthcare practitioners and patients (adjustments, etc.).

Proposed Merger with Obalon Therapeutics, Inc.

On January 19, 2021, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Obalon Therapeutics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Obalon”), and Optimus Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Obalon (“Merger Sub”), pursuant to which Merger Sub will merge with and into ReShape, with ReShape as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Obalon (the “Merger”). As a result of the Merger, Obalon will be renamed “ReShape Lifesciences Inc.”

Subject to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, at the closing of the Merger, each outstanding share of ReShape common stock and series B convertible preferred stock will be converted into the right to receive shares of common stock of Obalon (“Obalon Shares”) based on the exchange ratio set forth in the Merger Agreement. Upon completion of the Merger, ReShape stockholders will own approximately 51% of the combined company’s outstanding common stock and Obalon stockholders will own approximately 49%, subject to the terms of the Merger Agreement. Obalon will, at the effective time of the Merger, assume the outstanding warrants and series C convertible preferred stock of ReShape, subject to the terms of the Merger Agreement. All outstanding stock options of ReShape will be cancelled and terminated at the effective time of the Merger without any right to receive any consideration. No fractional shares will be issued in connection with the Merger and Obalon will pay cash in lieu of any such fractional shares. The Merger is intended to qualify for federal income tax purposes as a tax-free reorganization under the provisions of Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Consummation of the Merger is subject to certain closing conditions, including, among other things, approval by the stockholders of ReShape and Obalon and the NASDAQ Stock Market’s approval of (i) the Listing of Additional Shares Notice covering the Obalon Shares to be issued in the Merger and (ii) the continued listing of the combined company following completion of the Merger ((i) and (ii) together, the “NASDAQ Approvals”). Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, ReShape has agreed to exercise its reasonable best efforts to take all necessary steps to obtain the NASDAQ Approvals following the execution of the Merger Agreement, which may include procuring additional equity or debt investments, financings or other capital raising efforts. The Merger Agreement contains specified termination rights for both ReShape and Obalon. If Obalon terminates the Merger Agreement as a result of ReShape’s breach of its covenant to use its reasonable best efforts to obtain the NASDAQ Approvals, or if either party terminates the Merger Agreement because the NASDAQ Approvals have not been obtained within 30 days following the later of the Obalon Stockholders’ Meeting and the ReShape Stockholders’ Meeting, then ReShape will be required to pay Obalon a $1.0 million termination fee, which amount has been deposited with a third-party escrow agent.

See “Part I—Item 1A Risk Factors” for a discussion of certain risks related to the Merger.

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Our Product Portfolio

Lap-Band System

The Lap-Band system, which we acquired from Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. (“Apollo”), in December 2018, is designed to provide minimally invasive long-term treatment of severe obesity and is an alternative to more invasive surgical stapling procedures such as the gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy. The Lap-Band system is an adjustable saline-filled silicone band that is laparoscopically placed around the upper part of the stomach through a small incision, creating a small pouch at the top of the stomach, which slows the passage of food and creates a sensation of fullness. The procedure can normally be performed as an outpatient procedure and patients can go home the day of the procedure without the need for an overnight hospital stay.

The Lap-Band system has been in use in Europe since 1993 and received the CE mark in 1997 and approved in Australia in 1994, by the TGA. FDA approved the Lap-Band system for use the U.S. in 2001. The Lap-Band system has been approved in 21 countries and more than 1,000,000 Lap-Band systems have been sold worldwide.

The Lap-Band system was approved for use in the U.S. for patients with a Body Mass Index (“BMI”) greater than or equal to 40 or a BMI greater than or equal to 30 with one or more obesity-related comorbidity conditions.

The Lap-Band system has been subject to more than 400 peer-reviewed publications and extensive real-world experience. Adjustable gastric banding using the Lap-Band system has been reported to be significantly safer than gastric bypass while statistically producing the same weight loss five years after surgery when accompanied by an appropriate post-operative follow-up and adjustment protocol. Studies have reported sustained resolution or improvement in type 2 diabetes, gastroesophageal reflux, obstructive sleep apnea, asthma, arthritis, hypertension and other pre-existing obesity related comorbidities following gastric banding. The gastric banding surgical procedure is generally reimbursed by most payors and insurance programs that cover bariatric surgery.

Benefits. Lap-Band system offers the following benefits:

Minimally Invasive. The Lap-Band system does not change anatomy and is removable or reversible.
Lifestyle Enhancing. The Lap-Band system helps patients lose weight and live a more comfortable life and potentially reduces co-morbidities from excess weight.
Durable Weight Loss. The Lap-Band system offers a sustainable solution that helps patients achieve long-term success.

ReShapeCare

ReShapeCare is a HIPAA-compliant, virtual coaching program delivered through our innovative app which enhances behavior change through engagement. ReShapeCare is prescribed by a patient’s physician and may be covered by insurance for up 26 visits per reimbursement year.

The program is based on four established dimensions of successful behavior change—sleep, nutrition, exercise, stress—and is designed to provide flexible structure and support from a live certified health coach in a manner that is simple and practical.

Clinical studies prove that online health coaching leads to higher patient satisfaction, more successful weight loss outcomes, and improvements in metabolic health and enhances quality of life. ReShapeCare is appropriate for all weight loss patients, medical weight loss patients, and pre- and post-surgical bariatric patients.

The program is designed to ReShape the patient’s life through better sleep, nutrition, exercise, and stress management. Patients get paired with a ReShapeCare certified health coach who will be with them every step of the way through their journey, including through daily text messaging or live phone or video calls. The web and mobile app make it easy to increase positive actions and awareness by receiving daily educational content, personalized exercise, and progress reports. This program creates an atmosphere of community with social support from peers and by joining group sessions. When it comes to nutrition, patients can utilize an easy-to-follow, personalized nutrition plan with a

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recipe library and restaurant guide. Tracking your food is as easy as taking a snapshot from your phone and sending it to your coach. Patients can connect their own devices to automatically track sleep, stress, and weight. This real-time health data can be used to optimize the program to get the best possible results.

ReShape Vest

The ReShape Vest is an investigational, minimally invasive, laparoscopically implanted medical device being studied for weight loss in morbidly obese adults with a BMI of at least 35. The device wraps around the stomach, emulating the effect of conventional weight loss surgery, and is intended to enable gastric volume reduction. This device is designed to restrict the intake of food and provide the feeling of fullness without cutting or permanently removing portions of the stomach, or bypassing any portion of the gastrointestinal tract. The implantation of the device mimics a traditional weight-loss surgery, it is anatomy sparing and may not require vitamin supplementation.

In a small pilot study conducted outside the United States, at 12 months, ReShape Vest patients demonstrated a mean percent excess weight loss of 85% and a mean percent total body weight loss of 30.2%, an average waist circumference reduction of approximately 15 inches, an average drop in HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1c) of 2.1 points, an average decrease of systolic blood pressure of 13mmHg, and an average increase in HDL “good cholesterol” of 29 mg/dl.

Benefits. The ReShape Vest, once approved for sale, would offer an additional weight loss solution that emulates the effect of conventional weight loss surgery through a procedure that is minimally invasive and anatomy sparing. The ReShape Vest potentially offers the following benefits:

Minimizes Changes to Normal Anatomy. The ReShape Vest emulates the effects of conventional weight-loss surgery without stapling, cutting or removing any portion of the stomach.
Permanent Physical Restriction of the Stomach. The stomach has the capacity to expand over time through overeating. The ReShape Vest provides physical restriction that maintains the reshaped stomach at a consistent size, as long as the device remains in the patient.
Removable/Reversible. The ReShape Vest is designed to be removed laparoscopically, permitting the removal of the device at a later time, if that is desired.
Allows Normal Ingestion and Digestion of Foods Found in a Typical, Healthy Diet. The ReShape Vest leaves the digestive anatomy largely unaltered, hence patients are able to maintain a more consistent nutritional balance compared with conventional bariatric surgical approaches. This feature allows patients to affect positive changes in their eating behavior in a non-forced and potentially more consistent way.

Evaluation of the ReShape Vest has been underway in a pivotal clinical investigation with a planned 95-subject enrollment in Belgium, Czech Republic, Spain and The Netherlands. Enrollment had been completed in Spain shortly before the COVID-19 pandemic affected Spain and the rest of Europe. This pandemic has impacted our ability to complete enrollment in the remaining countries and impeded clinical follow up with enrolled patients of the Spanish cite. Considering the unpredictability of and efforts to control this pandemic through 2021, we are continuing to work with identified clinical sites to determine when we will resume enrollment and subsequent filing for CE certification.

Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation Device

The ReShape Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation is a technology under development as a new treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It combines ReShape Lifesciences’ proprietary Vagus Nerve Block (vBloc) technology platform in combination with Vagus nerve stimulation. This new dual Vagus nerve neuromodulation selectively modulates vagal block and stimulation to the liver and pancreas to manage blood glucose. ReShape’s Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation is expected to use bioelectronics to manage blood glucose in treatment of diabetes and individualized 24/7 glucose control. The goal is to reduce costs of treatment and complications that arise from poorly controlled blood glucose and non-compliance to T2DM medication.

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ReShape’s Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation technology is in preclinical development. It has demonstrated safety and efficacy through experiments in diabetic swine utilizing Phase I funding from an NIH Small Business Innovation Research Grant.

Our Strategic Focus

Develop and Commercialize a Differentiated Portfolio of Products/Therapies

An overarching strategy for our company is to develop and commercialize a product, program and services portfolio that is differentiated from our competition by offering transformative technologies that consists of a selection of patient-friendly, non-anatomy changing, lifestyle enhancing products, programs and services that provide alternatives to traditional bariatric surgery that help patients achieve durable weight loss. With the Lap-Band system, accessories, ReShapeCare virtual coaching program, and the ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation (if approved for commercial use), we believe we have multiple compelling and differentiated medical devices. We believe that we are well positioned for the existing market and can serve more of the overweight and obese population with our solutions and thereby help expand the addressable market for obesity.

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Drive the Adoption of Our Portfolio through Obesity Therapy Experts and Patient Ambassadors

Our clinical development strategy is to collaborate closely with regulatory bodies, healthcare providers, obesity therapy lifestyle experts and others involved in the obesity management process, patients and their advocates and scientific experts. We have established relationships with obesity therapy experts and healthcare providers, including physicians and hospitals, and have identified Lap-Band patient ambassadors and we believe these individuals will be important in promoting patient awareness and gaining widespread adoption of the Lap-Band, it’s accessories, ReShapeCare and the ReShape Vest. Additionally, with these relationships we believe we will be able to expand the awareness of the Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation technology to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Expand and Protect Our Intellectual Property Position

We believe that our issued patents and our patent applications encompass a broad platform of therapies focused on obesity, diabetes, hypertension and other gastrointestinal disorders. We intend to continue to pursue further intellectual property protection through U.S. and foreign patent applications.

Alternative Weight Loss Solutions

ReShapeCare, provides a weight loss solution through behavioral changes, improving the patients’ sleep, nutrition, exercise and stress. ReShapeCare is appropriate for all weight loss patients, medical weight loss patients, and pre- and post-surgical bariatric patients.

If we are able to commercialize the ReShape Vest, we believe that we will be able to offer three distinct weight loss treatment solutions that may be selected by the physician depending on the severity of the patient’s BMI or

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condition. Together, the Lap-Band, ReShapeCare and ReShape Vest provide a minimally-invasive continuum of care for bariatric patients and their care providers.

Our Market

The Obesity and Metabolic Disease Epidemic

Obesity is a disease that has been increasing at an alarming rate with significant medical repercussions and associated economic costs. The World Health Organization (“WHO”) currently estimates that more than 2.1 billion adults, approximately 30% of the global population, are overweight. The global economic impact of obesity is approximately $2.0 trillion, or approximately 2.8% of global GDP. Healthcare costs for severely or morbidly obese adults are 81% higher than for healthy weight adults and obesity is responsible for 5% of deaths worldwide. We believe our product and programs and product candidates could address a $1.64 billion per year global surgical device market.

We believe that this epidemic will continue to grow worldwide given dietary trends in developed nations that favor highly processed sugars, larger meals and fattier foods, as well as increasingly sedentary lifestyles. Despite the growing obesity rate, increasing public interest in the obesity epidemic and significant medical repercussions and economic costs associated with obesity, there continues to be a significant unmet need for effective treatments.

The United States Market

Obesity has been identified by the U.S. Surgeon General as the fastest growing cause of disease and death in the United States, and according to a 2014 McKinsey Report is the leading cause of preventable death in the U.S. Currently, it is estimated that approximately 160 million American adults are overweight or obese, 74 million American adults are overweight, 78 million American adults are obese or severely obese, and 24 million American adults are morbidly obese. It is estimated that if obesity rates stay consistent, 51% of the U.S. population will be obese by 2030. According to data from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, almost 80% of adults with a BMI above 30 have comorbidity, and almost 40% have two or more of these comorbidities. According to The Obesity Society and the CDC, obesity is associated with many significant weight-related comorbidities including Type 2 diabetes, high blood-pressure, sleep apnea, certain cancers, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, osteoarthritis and stroke. According to the American Cancer Society, 572,000 Americans die of cancer each year, over one-third of which are linked to excess body weight, poor nutrition and/or physical inactivity. Over 75% of hypertension cases are directly linked to obesity, and more than 90% of the approximately 28 million U.S. adults with Type 2 diabetes are overweight or have obesity.

Currently, medical costs associated with obesity in the U.S. are estimated to be up to $210.0 billion per year and nearly 21% of medical costs in the U.S. can be attributed to obesity. Approximately $1.5 billion was spent in 2015 alone in the U.S. on approximately 200,000 bariatric surgical procedures to treat obesity. By 2025, it is estimated that up to $3.8 billion will be spent in the U.S. on approximately 800,000 bariatric surgical procedures to treat obesity. Researchers estimate that if obesity trends continue, obesity-related medical costs could rise by another $44-$66 billion each year in the U.S. by 2030. The medical costs paid by third-party payers for people who are obese were $2,741 per year, or 42% higher than those of people who are normal weight and the average cost to employers is $6,627 to $8,067 per year per obese employee (BMI of 35 to 40 and higher).

Current Treatment Options and Their Limitations

We believe existing bariatric surgery and endoscopic procedural options for the treatment of obesity have seen limited adoption to date, with approximately 1% of the obese population qualifying for treatment actually seeking treatment, due to patient concerns and potential side effects including permanently altered anatomy and morbidity.

The principal treatment alternatives available today for obesity include:

Behavioral modification. Behavioral modification, which includes diet and exercise, is an important component in the treatment of obesity; however, most obese patients find it difficult to achieve and maintain significant weight loss with a regimen of diet and exercise alone.
Pharmaceutical therapy. Pharmaceutical therapies often represent a first option in the treatment of obese patients but carry significant safety risks and may present troublesome side effects and compliance issues.
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Bariatric Surgery and Endoscopic Procedures. In more severe cases of obesity, patients may pursue more aggressive surgical treatment options such as sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass. These procedures promote weight loss by surgically restricting the stomach’s capacity and outlet size. While largely effective, these procedures generally result in major lifestyle changes, including dietary restrictions and food intolerances, and they may present substantial side effects and carry short- and long-term safety and side effect risks that have limited their adoption.

Our Research and Development

Current R&D Focus

We have an experienced research and development team, including clinical, regulatory affairs and quality assurance, comprised of scientists and mechanical engineers with significant clinical knowledge and expertise. Our research and development efforts are focused in the following major areas:

supporting the current Lap-Band system;
expanding and improving on the Lap-Band portfolio;
gaining clinical evidence to the efficacy of the ReShape Vest;
testing and developing the Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation device; and
suction and calibration tubing line for gastric and bariatric surgeries.

We have spent a significant portion of our capital resources on research and development. Our research and development expenses were $3.5 million in 2020 and $3.1 million in 2019.

Our Competition

The market for obesity treatments is competitive, subject to technological change and significantly affected by new product development. Our primary competition in the obesity treatment market is currently from bariatric surgical and endoscopic procedures.

Our Lap-Band system competes, and we expect that our ReShape Vest system will compete, with surgical obesity procedures, including gastric bypass, gastric balloons, sleeve gastrectomy and the endoscopic sleeve. These current surgical procedures are performed in less than 1% of all eligible obese patients today. Current manufacturers of gastric balloon and suturing products that are approved in the United States include Apollo (ORBERA Intragastric Balloon System and OverStitch Endoscopic Suturing System) and Obalon Therapeutics, Inc. (Obalon Balloon System).

In June 2016, Aspire Bariatrics, Inc. received FDA approval for the Aspire Assist® System, an endoscopic alternative to weight loss surgery for people with moderate to severe obesity. We are also aware that GI Dynamics, Inc. has received approvals in various international countries to sell its EndoBarrier Gastrointestinal Liner.

We also compete against the manufacturers of pharmaceuticals that are directed at treating obesity and the 99% of obese patients eligible for surgery that are not willing to pursue a surgical option. We are aware of a number of drugs that are approved for long-term treatment of obesity in the United States: Orlistat, marketed by Roche as Xenical and GlaxoSmithKline as Alli, Belviq marketed by Arena Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Qsymia, marketed by VIVUS, Inc. and Contrave, marketed by Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc. In addition, we are aware of a pivotal trial for GELESIS100 that is being conducted by Gelesis, Inc.

In addition to competition from surgical obesity procedures, we compete with several private early-stage companies developing neurostimulation devices for application to the gastric region and related nerves for the treatment of obesity. Further, we know of two intragastric balloon companies either in clinical trials or working toward clinical trials in the U.S: Spatz3 Adjustable Balloon and Allurion Technology’s Elipse Balloon. These companies may prove to be significant competitors, particularly through collaborative arrangements with large and established companies. They

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also compete with us in recruiting and retaining qualified scientific and management personnel, establishing clinical trial sites and subject registration for clinical trials, as well as in acquiring technologies and technology licenses complementary to our programs or advantageous to our business.

We believe that the principal competitive factors in our market include:

acceptance by healthcare professionals, patients and payers;
published rates of safety and efficacy;
reliability and high-quality performance;
effectiveness at controlling comorbidities such as diabetes and hypertension;
invasiveness and the inherent reversibility of the procedure or device;
cost and average selling price of products and relative rates of reimbursement;
effective marketing, training, education, sales and distribution;
regulatory and reimbursement expertise;
technological leadership and superiority; and
speed of product innovation and time to market.

Many of our competitors are larger than we are and are either publicly-traded or are divisions of publicly-traded companies, and they enjoy several competitive advantages over us, including:

stronger name recognition;
existing relations with healthcare professionals, customers and third-party payers;
established distribution networks;
significant experience in research and development, manufacturing, preclinical testing, clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals, obtaining reimbursement and marketing approved products; and
greater financial and human resources.

As a result, we cannot assure you that we will be able to compete effectively against these companies or their products.

Market Opportunity

Given the limitations of behavioral modification, pharmaceutical therapy and traditional bariatric surgical approaches, we believe there is a substantial need for patient-friendly, safer, effective and durable solutions that:

provide proven, long-term weight loss;
preserve normal anatomy;
are “non-punitive” in that they support continued ingestion and digestion of foods and micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals found in a typical, healthy diet while allowing the user to modify his or her eating

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behavior appropriately without inducing punitive physical restrictions that physically force a limitation of food intake;
diminish undesirable side-effects;
facilitate outpatient surgical procedures;
minimize the risks of re-operations, malnutrition and mortality; and
reduce the natural hunger drive of patients.

Our Intellectual Property

In order to remain competitive, we must develop and maintain protection of the proprietary aspects of our technologies. We rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, trade secret laws and confidentiality and invention assignment agreements to protect our intellectual property rights. Our patent applications may not result in issued patents and our patents may not be sufficiently broad to protect our technology. Any patents issued to us may be challenged by third parties as being invalid or unenforceable, or third parties may independently develop similar or competing technology that does not infringe our patents. The laws of certain foreign countries do not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States.

Lap-Band

As of December 31, 2020, we had 48 total U.S. and foreign patents and patent applications related to our Lap-Band system. The international patents and patent applications are in regions including Germany, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Mexico, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Ireland, Belgium, Poland, Australia, and South Korea. The issued patents expire between the years 2021 and 2031.

We also have 48 total U.S. and international trademarks for the LAP-BAND brand name.

ReShape Vest

As of December 31, 2020, we had four granted U.S. patents and four granted foreign patents in China, Israel, Canada and Australia related to our ReShape Vest and 12 pending patents in the U.S. and foreign countries. The patents expire between the years 2028 and 2038.

We also have U.S. and international trademark applications for the RESHAPE VEST brand name.

ReShapeCare

As of December 31, 2020, we applied for two U.S. trademarks related to the ReShapeCare™ logo and name. The trademarks cover electronic pedometers and electronic day planners for tracking food, body weight, pre-recorded nutritional and fitness; as well as nutritional and medical counseling and services.

Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation Device

As of December 31, 2020, we filed a trademark application for Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation. The USPTO Examiner is reviewing the application and provided the Company with a disclaimer being required for “Neuromodulation”, as this a standard requirement for words that are in the standard vernacular.

Sales and Distribution

We market directly to patients but sell the Lap-Band system to select surgical centers throughout the U.S. and internationally having patients that would like to treat obesity and its comorbidities. The surgical centers then perform the LAP-BAND procedure and are most-commonly reimbursed by leading insurance providers. Alternatively, surgical

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centers can offer the LAP-BAND as a cash-pay procedure. Our sales representatives are supported by field clinical experts who provide training, technical support, and other support services at various implant centers. Our sales representatives help implement consumer marketing programs and provide surgical centers and implanting surgeons with educational patient materials.

In order to support our Lap-Band sales efforts, we have seven dedicated team members to support the US Region. We have also launched marketing campaigns in several top strategic accounts that allow us to partner with clinics in marketing efforts and use digital and traditional marketing to drive qualified leads to physicians. During 2020, our international sales efforts were through a combination of direct and distributor sales channels, with a focus on top Lap-Band customers in Australia, The Middle East and strategic countries in Europe.

Our Manufacturers and Suppliers

To date, all of the materials and components for our products, as well as any related outside services, are procured from qualified suppliers and contract manufacturers in accordance with our proprietary specifications. All of our key manufacturers and suppliers have experience working with commercial implantable device systems, are ISO certified and are regularly audited by various regulatory agencies including the FDA. Our key manufacturers and suppliers have a demonstrated record of compliance with international regulatory requirements.

Given that we rely on third-party manufacturers and suppliers for the production of our products, our ability to increase production going forward will depend upon the experience, certification levels and large-scale production capabilities of our suppliers and manufacturers. Qualified suppliers and contract manufacturers have been and will continue to be selected to supply products on a commercial scale according to our proprietary specifications. Our FDA approval process required us to name and obtain approval for the suppliers of key components of the Lap-Band system.

Many of our parts are custom designed and require custom tooling and, as a result, we may not be able to quickly qualify and establish additional or replacement suppliers for the components of our products. Any new approvals of vendors required by the FDA or other regulatory agencies in other international markets for our products as a result of the need to qualify or obtain alternate vendors for any of our components would delay our ability to sell and market our products and could have a material adverse effect on our business.

We believe that our current manufacturing and supply arrangements will be adequate to continue our ongoing commercial sales and our ongoing and planned clinical trials. In order to produce our products in the quantities we anticipate to meet future market demand, we will need our manufacturers and suppliers to increase, or scale up, manufacturing production and supply arrangements by a significant factor over the current level of production. There are technical challenges to scaling up manufacturing capacity and developing commercial-scale manufacturing facilities that may require the investment of substantial additional funds by our manufacturers and suppliers and hiring and retaining additional management and technical personnel who have the necessary experience. If our manufacturers or suppliers are unable to do so, we may not be able to meet the requirements to expand the launch of the product in the United States or launch the product internationally or to meet future demand, if at all. We may also represent only a small portion of our suppliers’ or manufacturers’ business and if they become capacity constrained, they may choose to allocate their available resources to other customers that represent a larger portion of their business. If we are unable to obtain a sufficient supply of our product, our revenue, business and financial prospects would be adversely affected.

Government Regulations

Device Classification and Regulations

United States

Our products and products under development are regulated by the FDA as medical devices under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (“FFDCA”) and the regulations promulgated under the FFDCA. Pursuant to the FFDCA, the FDA regulates the research, design, testing, manufacture, safety, labeling, storage, record keeping, advertising, sales and distribution, post-market adverse event reporting, production and advertising and promotion of medical devices in the United States. Noncompliance with applicable requirements can result in warning letters, fines, injunctions, civil

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penalties, recall or seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production, failure of the government to grant premarket approval for devices and criminal prosecution.

Medical devices in the United States are classified into one of three classes, Class I, II or III, on the basis of the amount of risk and the controls deemed by the FDA to be necessary to reasonably ensure their safety and effectiveness. Class I, low risk, devices are subject to general controls (e.g., labeling and adherence to good manufacturing practices). Class II, intermediate risk, devices are subject to general controls and to special controls (e.g., performance standards, and premarket notification). Generally, Class III devices are those which must receive premarket approval by the FDA to ensure their safety and effectiveness (e.g., life-sustaining, life-supporting and implantable devices, or new devices), and require clinical testing to validate safety and effectiveness and FDA approval prior to marketing and distribution. The FDA also has the authority to require clinical testing of Class II devices. In both the United States and certain international markets, there have been a number of legislative and regulatory initiatives and changes, such as the Modernization Act and the EU-Medical Device Regulations, which could and have altered the healthcare system in ways that could impact our ability to sell our medical devices profitably.

The FFDCA provides two basic review processes for medical devices. Certain products (Class II) may qualify for a submission authorized by Section 510(k) of the FFDCA, where the manufacturer submits to the FDA a premarket notification of the manufacturer’s intention to commence marketing the product. The manufacturer must, among other things, establish that the product to be marketed is substantially equivalent to another legally marketed product. Marketing may commence when the FDA issues a letter finding the subject device is subject device is substantially equivalent to a legally marketed predicate device. If a medical device does not qualify for the 510(k) procedure (Class III), the manufacturer must file a Premarket Approval Application (“PMA”) with the FDA. This procedure requires more extensive pre-filing clinical and preclinical testing than the 510(k) processes and involves a significantly longer FDA review process. A PMA is required to establish the safety and effectiveness of the device and a key component of a PMA submission is the pivotal clinical trial data, as discussed in more detail below.

Premarket Approval

The ReShape vBloc® and the Lap-Band system are medical devices that required a PMA submission from the FDA to market in the United States. The FDA approved ReShape vBloc in January of 2015 and the Lap-Band system in 2001 with post-approval conditions intended to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the devices. Failure to comply with the conditions of approval can result in material adverse enforcement action, including the loss or withdrawal of the approvals. Referenced in the FDA Guidance, after a device achieves initial PMA approval, any additional significant modifications to the manufacturing process, labeling, use and design of a device requires a PMA supplement to be submitted and approved through the premarket approval process. Premarket approval supplements often require submission of the same type of information as a PMA except that the supplement is limited to information needed to support any changes from the device covered by the original PMA. In addition, holders of an approved PMA are required to submit annual reports to the FDA that include relevant information on the continued use of the device. In September 2018, ReShape Lifesciences made a financial decision to stop the manufacturing and commercializing the vBloc product line in the US. This business decision was not related to the safety or efficacy of the device. On January 27, 2021, FDA accepted a PMA amendment to formally withdraw the vBloc PMA. On February 2, 2021, FDA accepted the PMA amendment for ReCharge Post Approval Study closure and the study status is marked “Completed” on the FDA Post-Approval Studies webpage. On March 4, 2021, FDA accepted the PMA amendment for ReNew Post Approval Study termination and the study status is marked “Terminated” on the FDA Post-Approval Studies webpage.

The ReShape Vest with weight loss indication will be considered a Class III Long Term Implantable product by the FDA requiring the PMA path. A pivotal trial for the ReShape Vest will likely include approximately 250 implanted patients monitored up to three years. Other implantable devices for the treatment of obesity relied on twelve-month endpoints for the PMA submission with annual follow-up visits up to five years and we expect the pivotal trial for the ReShape Vest to be similar. A U.S. pivotal trial requires FDA Investigational Device Exemption (“IDE”) submission and approval.

Clinical Trials

A clinical trial is almost always required to support a PMA or certain 510(K) submissions. Clinical trials for a “significant risk” device such as ours require submission to the FDA of an application for an IDE for clinical studies to be conducted within the United States. The IDE application must be supported by appropriate data, such as animal and

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laboratory testing results, showing that it is safe to test the device in humans and that the testing protocol is scientifically sound. In the United States, a clinical trial for a significant risk device may begin once the IDE application is approved by the FDA and by the Institutional Review Boards (“IRBs”) overseeing the clinical trial at the various investigational sites.

Clinical trials require extensive recordkeeping and detailed reporting. Our clinical trials must be conducted under the oversight of an IRB for each participating clinical trial site and in accordance with applicable regulations and policies including, but not limited to, the FDA’s good clinical practice IDE requirements. ReShape Lifesciences, the trial Data Safety Monitoring Board, the FDA or the IRB for each site at which a clinical trial is being performed may suspend a clinical trial at any time for various reasons, including a belief that the risks to study subjects outweigh the anticipated benefits.

Pervasive and Continuing U.S. Regulation

Numerous regulatory requirements apply. These include:

Quality System Regulation, which requires manufacturers to follow design, testing, control, documentation, complaint handling and other quality assurance procedures during the design and manufacturing processes;
regulations which govern product labels and labeling, prohibit the promotion of products for unapproved or “off-label” uses and impose other restrictions on labeling and promotional activities;
medical device reporting regulations, which require that manufacturers report to the FDA if their device may have caused or contributed to a death or serious injury or malfunctioned in a way that would likely cause or contribute to a death or serious injury if it were to recur;
notices of correction or removal and recall regulations;
periodic reporting of progress related to clinical trials, post approval studies required as conditions of PMA approval and relevant changes to information contained within the PMA approval; and
reporting of transfers of value and payments to physicians and teaching hospitals.

Advertising and promotion of medical devices are also regulated by the Federal Trade Commission and by state regulatory and enforcement authorities. Recently, some promotional activities for FDA-regulated products have resulted in enforcement actions brought under healthcare reimbursement laws and consumer protection statutes. In addition, under the federal Lanham Act, competitors and others can initiate litigation relating to advertising claims.

Compliance with regulatory requirements is enforced through periodic facility inspections by the FDA, which may be unannounced. Because we rely on contract manufacturing sites and service providers, these additional sites are also subject to these FDA inspections. Failure to comply with applicable regulatory requirements can result in enforcement action, which may include any of the following sanctions:

warning letters or untitled letters;
fines, injunction and civil penalties;
recall or seizure of our products;
customer notification, or orders for repair, replacement or refund;
operating restrictions, partial suspension or total shutdown of production or clinical trials;
refusing our request for premarket approval of new products;
withdrawing premarket approvals that are already granted; and

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criminal prosecution.

International Regulations

International sales of medical devices are subject to foreign government regulations, which vary substantially from country to country. The time required to obtain approval by a foreign country may be longer or shorter than that required for FDA approval/clearance, and the requirements may differ. The primary regulatory environment in Europe is that of the European Union (“EU”), which consists of 27 member states encompassing nearly all the major countries in Europe. Additional countries that are not part of the EU, but are part of the European Economic Area (“EEA”), and other countries, such as Switzerland, have voluntarily adopted laws and regulations that mirror those of the EU with respect to medical devices. The EU has adopted Directive 90/385/EEC as amended by 2007/47/EC for active implantable medical devices and numerous standards that govern and harmonize the national laws and standards regulating the design, manufacture, clinical trials, labeling and adverse event reporting for medical devices that are marketed in member states. Medical devices that comply with the requirements of the national law of the member state in which their Notified Body is located will be entitled to bear CE marking, indicating that the device conforms to applicable regulatory requirements, and, accordingly, can be commercially marketed within the EU and other countries that recognize this mark for regulatory purposes.

The Lap-Band system was CE marked in 1997. The method of assessing conformity with applicable regulatory requirements varies depending on the class of the device, but for our Lap-Band system, the method involved a combination issuance of declaration of conformity by the manufacturer of the safety and performance of the device, and a third-party assessment by a Notified Body of the design of the device and of our quality system. A Notified Body is a private commercial entity that is designated by the national government of a member state as being competent to make independent judgments about whether a product complies with applicable regulatory requirements. The assessment included, among other things, a clinical evaluation of the conformity of the device with applicable regulatory requirements. We use BSI as the Notified Body for our CE marking approval process.

Continued compliance with CE marking requirements is enforced through periodic facility inspections by the Notified Body, which may be unannounced. Because we rely on contract manufacturing sites and service providers, these additional sites may also be subject to these Notified Body inspections.

Since the beginning of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic slowed most of the economy in the European Union. This resulted in many different challenges ranging from notified bodies that were no longer able to perform audits, to manufacturers that were forced to increase their production beyond their existing capabilities or forced to stop their production all together. The original date of application of Regulation (EU) 2017/745 on medical device (MDR) was May 26, 2020. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the date of application for MDR was postponed to May 26, 2021. The Company will continue to implement changes across our quality systems to become compliant with the new MDR.

Patient Privacy Laws

United States and various international laws have been evolving to protect the confidentiality of certain patient health information, including patient medical records. These laws restrict the use and disclosure of certain patient health information. Enforcement actions, including financial penalties, related to patient privacy issues are globally increasing. The management of patient data may have an impact on certain clinical research activities and product design considerations.

Employees

As of December 31, 2020, we had 37 employees, all of which were full-time. All of these employees are located in the U.S.

From time to time we also employ independent contractors, consultants and temporary employees to support our operations. None of our employees are subject to collective bargaining agreements. We have never experienced a work stoppage and believe that our relations with our employees are good.

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Information About our Executive Officers

The following table sets forth information regarding our executive officers as of March 1, 2021:

Name

 

Age

 

Position

Barton P. Bandy

 

60

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

Thomas Stankovich

 

60

 

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Barton P. Bandy has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer since April 1, 2019. Mr. Bandy has extensive leadership experience in health care and specifically in the obesity and bariatric space. Most recently, Mr. Bandy was President and Chief Executive Officer of BroadSpot Imaging Corporation, a developer of medical devices for eye care, since April 2017. From April 2013 to August 2016, Mr. Bandy was President of Wellness at Alphaeon Corporation, where he was responsible for business development, commercial activities, strategy and acquisition integration. He previously spent 10 years as the senior executive leading the Inamed and Allergan Health Divisions through the launch, growth and transition of the Lap-Band.

Thomas Stankovich has served as our Chief Financial Officer since October 30, 2019. Mr. Stankovich has extensive leadership experiences as the CFO for multiple public and private healthcare companies. Mr. Stankovich has spent the past nine years as the Global Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of MP Biomedicals, a life science and molecular biology-diagnostics company. Prior to MP Biomedicals, Mr. Stankovich served as Chief Financial Officer at Response Genetics where he successfully led the company through their initial public offering. Additionally, Mr. Stankovich served as Chief Financial Officer for Ribapham Inc., where he also led the company through their initial public offering, which at the time became the second largest ever initial public offering in the biotechnology sector. Mr. Stankovich also held the Chief Financial Officer position at ICN International which later changed its name to Valeant Pharmaceuticals.

Our Corporate Information

We were originally incorporated in the state of Minnesota in December 2002 and reincorporated in the state of Delaware in July 2004. In 2017, we changed our name from EnteroMedics Inc. to ReShape Lifesciences Inc. Our shares of common stock trade on the OTCQB Market under the symbol RSLS.

We file reports and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and proxy or information statements. Those reports and statements as well as all amendments to those documents filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (1) are available at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20549, (2) may be obtained by sending an electronic message to the SEC at publicinfo@sec.gov or by sending a fax to the SEC at 1-202-777-1027, (3) are available at the SEC’s internet site (http://www.sec.gov), which contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC and (4) are available free of charge through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after electronic filing with, or furnishing to, the SEC.

Our principal executive offices are located at 1001 Calle Amanecer, San Clemente, California 92673, and our telephone number is (949) 429-6680. Our website address is www.reshapelifesciences.com. The information on, or that may be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K and should not be considered a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Summary of risk Factors

The following is a summary of the principal risks and uncertainties that could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, prospects and/or the price of our outstanding securities, and make an investment in our securities speculative or risky. You should read this summary together with the more detailed description of each risk factor contained below.

Risks Related to Our Proposed Merger with Obalon

Fluctuations in the market price of Obalon Shares will affect the value of the Merger consideration.
The Merger may not be consummated unless important conditions are satisfied or waived and there can be no assurance that the Merger will be consummated.
There can be no assurance that the Obalon Shares to be issued in the Merger will be on the Nasdaq Stock Market or, if listed, that the combined company will be able to comply with the continued listing standards.
The Merger Agreement contains provisions that could discourage a potential competing acquirer of either ReShape or Obalon.
The pendency of the Merger could materially adversely affect the business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows of ReShape or Obalon.
ReShape directors and executive officers and Obalon directors and executive officers have interests in the Merger that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of ReShape stockholders and Obalon stockholders.
Failure to consummate the Merger could negatively impact respective future stock prices, operations and financial results of ReShape and Obalon.
Financial projections regarding ReShape may not prove accurate.
The Merger may disrupt attention of ReShape management and Obalon management from ongoing business operations.
The market price for Obalon Shares following completion of the Merger will continue to fluctuate and may be affected by factors different from those that historically have affected Obalon Shares and ReShape Shares.

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

We may be unable to attract and retain management and other personnel we need to succeed.
Our ReShape Vest product is in the early stages of clinical evaluation. If the clinical trial is not successfully completed or any required regulatory approvals are not obtained, the ReShape Vest may not be commercialized and our business prospects may suffer.
The shares of series C convertible preferred stock issued in connection with our acquisition of ReShape Medical have certain rights and preferences senior to our common stock, including a liquidation preference that is senior to our common stock.
We are a medical device company with a limited history of operations and sales, and we cannot assure you that we will ever generate substantial revenue or be profitable.
During the second quarter of 2019 we recorded a non-cash indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment loss, which significantly impacted our results of operations, and we may be exposed to additional impairment losses that could be material.
We will need substantial additional funding and may be unable to raise capital when needed, which would force us to delay, reduce or eliminate our product development programs or liquidate some or all of our assets.
We incur significant costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management is required to devote substantial time to compliance initiatives.
General economic and political conditions could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We face significant uncertainty in the industry due to government healthcare reform.
We are subject, directly or indirectly, to United States federal and state healthcare fraud and abuse and false claims laws and regulations. Prosecutions under such laws have increased in recent years and we may become subject to such litigation. If we are unable to, or have not fully complied with such laws, we could face substantial penalties.
Failure to protect our information technology information technology infrastructure against cyber-based attacks, network security breaches, service interruptions or data corruption could materially disrupt our operations and adversely affect our business.

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We operate in a highly competitive industry that is subject to rapid change. If our competitors are able to develop and market products that are safer or more effective than our products, our commercial opportunities will be reduced or eliminated.

Risks Associated with Development and Commercialization of the Lap-Band System, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation

Our efforts to increase revenue from our Lap-Band system and ReShapeCare, and commercialize the ReShape Vest, Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation and expanded line of bariatric surgical accessories may not succeed or may encounter delays which could significantly harm our ability to generate revenue.
We may not be able to obtain required regulatory approvals for our ReShape Vest and/or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation in a cost-effective manner or at all, which could adversely affect our business and operating results.
We depend on clinical investigators and clinical sites to enroll patients in our clinical trials, and on other third parties to manage the trials and to perform related data collection and analysis, and, as a result, we may face costs and delays that are outside of our control.
Modifications to the Lap-Band system may require additional approval from regulatory authorities, which may not be obtained or may delay our commercialization efforts.
If we or our suppliers fail to comply with ongoing regulatory requirements, or if we experience unanticipated product problems, our Lap-Band system could be subject to restrictions or withdrawal from the market.
We may be unable to manage our growth effectively.
We face the risk of product liability claims that could be expensive, divert management’s attention and harm our reputation and business. We may not be able to obtain adequate product liability insurance.

Risks Related to Intellectual Property

If we are unable to obtain or maintain intellectual property rights relating to our technology and neuroblocking therapy, the commercial value of our technology and any future products will be adversely affected and our competitive position will be harmed.
Many of our competitors have significant resources and incentives to apply for and obtain intellectual property rights that could limit or prevent our ability to commercialize our current or future products in the United States or abroad.
If we are unable to protect the confidentiality of our proprietary information and know-how, the value of our technology and products could be adversely affected.
Intellectual property litigation is a common tactic in the medical device industry to gain competitive advantage. If we become subject to a lawsuit, we may be required to expend significant financial and other resources and our management’s attention may be diverted from our business.

Risks Relating to Ownership of Our Common Stock

Our common stock trades on an over-the-counter market.
Our common stock may be deemed to be a “penny stock” and broker-dealers who make a market in our stock may be subject to additional compliance requirements.
The trading price of our common stock has been volatile and is likely to be volatile in the future.
Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market by existing stockholders, or the perception that they may occur, could cause our stock price to decline.
We have a significant number of outstanding warrants, which may cause significant dilution to our stockholders, have a material adverse impact on the market price of our common stock and make it more difficult for us to raise funds through future equity offerings.
You may experience future dilution as a result of future equity offerings.
Since our securities are quoted on the OTCQB market, our stockholders may face significant restrictions on the resale of our securities due to state “blue sky” laws.
Our organizational documents and Delaware law make a takeover of our company more difficult, which may prevent certain changes in control and limit the market price of our common stock.
We have not paid dividends in the past and do not expect to pay dividends in the future, and any return on investment may be limited to the value of our common stock.

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RISK FACTORS

Risks Related to Our Proposed Merger with Obalon

Fluctuations in the market price of Obalon Shares will affect the value of the Merger consideration.

At the effective time, each share of ReShape common stock and series B preferred stock (the “ReShape Shares”) (other than shares held by Obalon, Merger Sub, any wholly-owned subsidiary of Obalon or ReShape, or by ReShape as treasury shares, which will be canceled and retired and cease to exist) will be converted into the right to receive a number of Obalon Shares, according to a ratio determined at least 10 days prior to the Obalon special meeting of stockholders to be held to approve such share issuance, that will result in the holders of such ReShape Shares owning 51% of the outstanding shares of common stock of the combined company immediately after the effective time of the Merger.

Because the exact number of Obalon Shares that will be issued in exchange for each ReShape Share will not be determined until a later date, the market value of the Merger consideration that ReShape stockholders will receive will depend both on the number of Obalon Shares to be issued and the price per Obalon Share at the effective time of the Merger. The exact number of Obalon Shares to be issued and the market price per Obalon Share is not currently known and may be less or more than the current market price.

Stock price changes may result from a variety of factors, including general market, industry and economic conditions, changes in the respective businesses, operations and prospects of ReShape and Obalon, regulatory considerations, results of the ReShape Special Meeting and the Obalon Special Meeting, announcements with respect to the Merger or any of the foregoing, and other factors beyond the control of ReShape or Obalon. You should obtain current market price quotations for ReShape Shares and for Obalon Shares, but as indicated above, the prices at the time the Merger is consummated may be greater than, the same as or less than such price quotations.

The Merger may not be consummated unless important conditions are satisfied or waived and there can be no assurance that the Merger will be consummated.

The Merger Agreement contains a number of conditions that must be satisfied or waived (to the extent permitted by applicable law) to consummate the Merger. Those conditions include, among others:

the required approvals of the Obalon and ReShape stockholders;
approval of the ReShape Merger Proposal by the ReShape stockholders;
the absence of any adverse law or order promulgated, entered, enforced, enacted, or issued by any government entity that prohibits, restrains, or makes illegal the consummation of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement;
the effectiveness of a registration statement on Form S-4, which shall include this joint proxy statement/prospectus, under the Securities Act and the absence of any stop order issued by the SEC suspending the use of such registration statement;
the Obalon Shares to be issued in the Merger being approved for listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market and approval of the combined company’s continued listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market (certain risks related to obtaining such approvals are described below);
subject to certain materiality exceptions, the accuracy of certain representations and warranties of each of Obalon and ReShape contained in the Merger Agreement and the compliance by each party with the covenants contained in the Merger Agreement; and
the absence of a material adverse effect with respect to each of Obalon and ReShape.

These conditions to the consummation of the Merger may not be satisfied or waived (to the extent permitted by applicable law) and, as a result, the Merger may not be consummated at the time expected, or at all.  In addition, ReShape or Obalon may elect to terminate the Merger Agreement in certain other circumstances.

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There can be no assurance that the Obalon Shares to be issued in the Merger will be on the Nasdaq Stock Market or, if listed, that the combined company will be able to comply with the continued listing standards.

Nasdaq has determined that the proposed transaction constitutes a business combination that results in a change of control pursuant to its listing rules. Accordingly, the combined company will be required to satisfy all of Nasdaq’s initial listing criteria and to complete Nasdaq’s initial listing process in order for the Obalon Shares to be listed on Nasdaq. An application to list the Obalon Shares on The Nasdaq Capital Market upon consummation of the Merger has been filed as required by The Nasdaq Capital Market. Since Obalon went public in 2016, it has twice fallen below Nasdaq’s minimum required level for stockholder equity and minimum bid price requirement.  Obalon was downlisted in November 2020 from Nasdaq’s Global Market to its Capital Market though it is currently in compliance with the continued listing standards of the Nasdaq Capital Market.  

Nasdaq’s approval of the listing application is a condition to the closing of the Merger and while ReShape and Obalon can each terminate the Merger Agreement if the condition is not satisfied (in which case, a $1 million termination fee may be payable to Obalon by ReShape), the parties can also each choose to waive the condition and consummate the Merger without Nasdaq’s approval of the listing application. In the event ReShape and Obalon waive that condition and consummate the Merger without Nasdaq’s approval of the listing application, the combined company would not be listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market.

In addition, if after listing, The Nasdaq Capital Market delists the Obalon Shares from trading on its exchange for failure to meet the continued listing standards, the combined company and its stockholders could face significant material adverse consequences including:

a limited availability of market quotations for its securities;
a determination that its common stock is a “penny stock” which will require brokers trading in its common stock to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for its common stock;
a limited amount of analyst coverage; and
a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.

The Merger Agreement contains provisions that could discourage a potential competing acquirer of either ReShape or Obalon.

The Merger Agreement contains “no shop” provisions that restrict each of Obalon’s and ReShape’s ability to solicit, initiate or knowingly encourage and induce, or take any other action designed to facilitate competing third-party proposals relating to a merger, reorganization or consolidation of the company or an acquisition of the company’s stock or assets. In addition, the other party generally has an opportunity to offer to modify the terms of the Merger in response to any competing acquisition proposals before the board of directors of the company that has received a third-party proposal may withdraw or qualify its recommendation with respect to the Merger.  

The Merger Agreement does not permit either Obalon or ReShape to terminate the Merger Agreement in order to pursue a superior proposal. These provisions could discourage a potential third-party acquirer that might have an interest in acquiring all or a significant portion of Obalon or ReShape from considering or proposing an acquisition, even if it were prepared to pay consideration with a higher per share cash or market value than the market value proposed to be received or realized in the Merger.

The pendency of the Merger could materially adversely affect the business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows of ReShape or Obalon.

The announcement and pendency of the Merger could disrupt ReShape’s or Obalon’s businesses, in any of the following ways, among others:

ReShape’s employees may experience uncertainty about their future roles with the combined company, which might adversely affect each company’s ability to retain and hire key managers and other employees;

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the attention of ReShape management or Obalon management may be directed toward completion of the Merger, integration planning and transaction-related considerations and may be diverted from the company’s day-to-day business operations and, following the completion of the Merger, the attention of the combined company’s management may also be diverted to such matters;  
vendors, suppliers, business partners or others may seek to modify or terminate their business relationship with ReShape or Obalon or the combined company following completion of the Merger;
ReShape or Obalon, or the combined company following completion of the Merger, and their respective directors could become subject to lawsuits relating to the Merger; and
ReShape or Obalon may experience negative reactions from their stockholders and the medical community, among others.

These disruptions could be exacerbated by a delay in the completion of the Merger or termination of the Merger Agreement. Additionally, if the Merger is not consummated, each company will have incurred significant costs and diverted the time and attention of management. A failure to consummate the Merger may also result in negative publicity, reputational harm, litigation against ReShape or Obalon or their respective directors and officers, and a negative impression of the companies in the financial markets. The occurrence of any of these events individually or in combination could have a material adverse effect on either or both companies’ financial statements and stock price.

In addition, the Merger Agreement restricts Obalon and ReShape from taking certain actions until the Effective Time without the consent of the other party, including, among others: the payment of dividends; the issuance of equity (including certain equity incentive awards); certain increases to employee compensation and benefits; capital expenditures; the incurrence of indebtedness; acquisitions and divestitures; and the entry into or amending certain material contracts. Obalon and ReShape are required to conduct business in the ordinary course consistent with past practice. The restrictive covenants, which are subject to various specific exceptions, may prevent Obalon or ReShape from pursuing attractive business opportunities that may arise prior to the consummation of the Merger. Although Obalon and ReShape may be able to pursue such activities with the other company’s consent, the other company may not be willing to provide its consent.

ReShape directors and executive officers and Obalon directors and executive officers have interests in the Merger that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of ReShape stockholders and Obalon stockholders.

Certain of the directors and executive officers of ReShape and certain of the directors and executive officers of Obalon negotiated the terms of the Merger Agreement and these individuals have interests in the Merger that may be different from, or in addition to, those of ReShape stockholders and Obalon stockholders, respectively. These interests include, but are not limited to, the continued service of certain of these ReShape individuals as directors and executive officers of Obalon after the date of the consummation of the Merger, certain other compensation arrangements with the Obalon directors and executive officers, and provisions in the Merger Agreement regarding continued indemnification of and advancement of expenses of the directors and executive officers of ReShape and Obalon.

Failure to consummate the Merger could negatively impact respective future stock prices, operations and financial results of ReShape and Obalon.

If the Merger is not consummated for any reason, ReShape and Obalon may be subjected to a number of material risks, including the following:

a decline in the market prices of the shares of ReShape Common Stock or Obalon Shares to the extent that their current market prices reflect a market assumption that the Merger will be consummated and will be beneficial to the value of the business of Obalon after the Closing Date;
having to pay certain costs related to the proposed Merger, such as legal, accounting, financial advisory, printing and mailing fees, which must be paid regardless of whether the Merger is consummated;
addressing the consequences of operational decisions made since the signing of the Merger Agreement, including because of restrictions on ReShape’s or Obalon’s operations imposed by the terms of the Merger Agreement and decisions to delay or defer capital expenditures;

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returning the focus of management and personnel to operating ReShape or Obalon, as applicable, on a standalone basis, without any of the benefits expected to have been provided by the consummation of the Merger; and
negative reactions from their respective stockholders, suppliers, employees, patients enrolled in our studies and the medical community.

In addition to the above risks, ReShape may be required, under certain circumstances, to pay to Obalon a termination fee of $1.0 million, which may materially adversely affect ReShape’s financial condition. The business of ReShape or Obalon may be adversely impacted by the failure to pursue other beneficial opportunities due to the focus of ReShape and Obalon management on the Merger. A failure to consummate the Merger may also result in negative publicity, reputational harm, litigation against ReShape or Obalon or their respective directors and officers, and a negative impression of the companies in the financial markets.

If the Merger is not consummated, we cannot assure the Obalon stockholders or the ReShape stockholders that these risks will not materialize and will not materially adversely affect the business, financial results and stock price of the respective companies.

Financial projections regarding ReShape may not prove accurate.

In connection with the Merger, ReShape prepared and considered internal financial forecasts for ReShape. These financial projections are based on several assumptions, including regarding future operating cash flows, expenditures and income of ReShape, including benefits to be realized from the Merger. These financial projections were not prepared with a view to public disclosure, are subject to significant economic, competitive, industry and other uncertainties and may not be achieved in full, within projected timeframes or at all. The failure of ReShape to achieve projected results could have a material adverse effect on the price of the Obalon Shares, the combined company’s financial position after the Closing Date, and the combined company’s ability to pay dividends, and/or pay dividends at or above the rate currently paid by Obalon or ReShape, following the consummation of the Merger.

The Merger may disrupt attention of ReShape management and Obalon management from ongoing business operations.

Each of ReShape and Obalon has expended, and expects to continue to expend, significant management resources to consummate the Merger. The attention of each company’s management may be diverted away from the day-to-day operations of the businesses of ReShape and Obalon, respectively, including implementing initiatives to improve performance, execution of existing business plans and pursuing other beneficial opportunities, in an effort to consummate the Merger. This diversion of management resources could disrupt ReShape’s or Obalon’s operations and may have an adverse effect on the respective businesses, financial conditions, results of operations and cash flows of the two companies or the combined company after the effective time of the Merger.

The market price for Obalon Shares following completion of the Merger will continue to fluctuate and may be affected by factors different from those that historically have affected Obalon Shares and ReShape Shares.

Following the completion of the Merger, Obalon stockholders and ReShape stockholders will be stockholders in the combined company. ReShape’s business differs in important respects from that of Obalon and the combined company’s business will differ from that of Obalon and ReShape prior to the completion of the Merger. Accordingly, the results of operations of the combined company and the market price of Obalon Shares after the completion of the Merger may be affected by factors different from those currently affecting the independent results of operations of each of Obalon and ReShape.

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

We may be unable to attract and retain management and other personnel we need to succeed.

Our success depends on the services of our senior management and other key employees. The loss of the services of one or more of our officers or key employees could delay or prevent the successful completion of our clinical trials and the commercialization of our Lap-Band system and ReShapeCare, and the development of our ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation. Our continued growth will require hiring a number of qualified clinical, scientific,

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commercial and administrative personnel. Accordingly, recruiting and retaining such personnel in the future will be critical to our success. There is intense competition from other companies and research and academic institutions for qualified personnel in the areas of our activities. If we fail to identify, attract, retain and motivate these highly skilled personnel, we may be unable to continue our development and commercialization activities.

Our ReShape Vest product is in the early stages of clinical evaluation. If the clinical trial is not successfully completed or any required regulatory approvals are not obtained, the ReShape Vest may not be commercialized and our business prospects may suffer.

Our ReShape Vest product is in the early stages of development and is currently in the early stages of clinical evaluation. Our ability to market the ReShape Vest in the United States and abroad depends upon our ability to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the product with clinical data to support our requests for regulatory approval. The ReShape Vest may not be found to be safe and, where required, effective in clinical trials and may not ultimately be approved for marketing by U.S. or foreign regulatory authorities, which would have a negative impact on our net sales.

There is no assurance that we will be successful in achieving the desired results in our anticipated clinical trials for the ReShape Vest or, if we do, that the FDA or other regulatory agencies will approve the product for sale without the need for additional clinical trial data to demonstrate safety and efficacy. We continually evaluate the potential financial benefits and costs of clinical trials and the products being evaluated in them. If we determine that the costs associated with obtaining regulatory approval of a product exceed the potential financial benefits of that product or if the projected development timeline is inconsistent with our investment horizon, we may choose to stop a clinical trial and/or the development of a product.

The shares of series C convertible preferred stock issued in connection with our acquisition of ReShape Medical have certain rights and preferences senior to our common stock, including a liquidation preference that is senior to our common stock.

There are currently 95,388 shares of our series C convertible preferred stock outstanding, which are convertible into 38 shares of our common stock. We issued the shares of our series C convertible preferred stock in connection with our acquisition of ReShape Medical. The series C convertible preferred stock has a liquidation preference of $274.88 per share, or $692,691.05 per underlying share of common stock, or approximately $26.2 million in the aggregate. Holders of the series C convertible preferred stock have the right to convert their shares into shares of common stock instead of receiving the liquidation preference. In general, the series C convertible preferred stock is entitled to receive dividends (on an as-if-converted-to-common stock basis) actually paid on shares of common stock when, as and if such dividends are paid on shares of common stock. No other dividends will be paid on shares of series C convertible preferred stock. While the series C convertible preferred stock generally does not have voting rights, as long as any shares of series C convertible preferred stock remain outstanding, we cannot, without the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the then-outstanding shares of series C convertible preferred stock, (a) alter or change adversely the powers, preferences or rights given to the series C convertible preferred stock (including by the designation, authorization, or issuance of any shares of preferred stock that purports to have equal rights with, or be senior in rights or preferences to, the series C convertible preferred stock), (b) alter or amend the series C convertible preferred stock certificate of designation, (c) amend our certificate of incorporation or other charter documents in any manner that adversely affects any rights of the holders of series C convertible preferred stock, (d) increase the number of authorized shares of series C convertible preferred stock or (e) enter into any agreement with respect to any of the foregoing.

We are a medical device company with a limited history of operations and sales, and we cannot assure you that we will ever generate substantial revenue or be profitable.

We are a medical device company with a limited operating history upon which you can evaluate our business. The success of our business will depend on our ability to generate increased sales and control costs, as well as our ability to obtain additional regulatory approvals needed to market new versions of our Lap-Band system or regulatory approvals needed to market our ReShape Vest, Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation and any other products we may develop in the future, all of which we may be unable to do. If we are unable to successfully market our Lap-Band system for its indicated use, ReShapeCare, or develop and commercialize the ReShape Vest or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, we may never become profitable and may have to cease operations as a result. Our lack of a significant operating history also limits your ability to make a comparative evaluation of us, our products and our prospects.

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During the second quarter of 2019 we recorded a non-cash indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment loss, which significantly impacted our results of operations, and we may be exposed to additional impairment losses that could be material.

We conduct our annual indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment analysis during the fourth quarter of each year or when circumstances suggest that an indicator for impairment may be present. During the second quarter of 2019, we performed a qualitative impairment analysis of the in-process research and development (“IPR&D”). Due to delays in the clinical trials experienced during the first six months of 2019, we revised its expectations of when revenues would commence for the ReShape Vest, thus reducing the projected near-term future net cash flows related to the ReShape Vest. As a result, we recorded an impairment charge of approximately $6.6 million of the excess of the carrying value over the estimated fair value. In the future, we may have additional indicators of potential impairment requiring us to record an impairment loss related to our remaining indefinite-lived and finite-lived intangible assets, which could also have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

We will need substantial additional funding and may be unable to raise capital when needed, which would force us to delay, reduce or eliminate our product development programs or liquidate some or all of our assets.

Our operations have consumed substantial amounts of cash since inception. We expect to continue to spend substantial amounts on the development and commercialization of our products and on research and development, including conducting current and future clinical trials for our Lap-Band system, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest (if approved for sale) and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation (if approved for sale) and subsequent versions of our products. In addition, in December 2021 we are obligated to pay Apollo the final $3.0 million installment of the purchase price related to our acquisition of LAP-BAND system. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, net cash used in operating activities was $8.5 million and $14.2 million, respectively. We expect that our cash used in operations will continue to be significant in the upcoming years, and that we will need to raise additional capital to commercialize our Lap-Band system and ReShapeCare, and to develop the ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, and to continue our research and development programs, and to fund our ongoing operations.

Our future funding requirements will depend on many factors, including:

the cost and timing of establishing sales, marketing and distribution capabilities;
the cost of establishing clinical and commercial supplies of our Lap-Band system, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest, Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation and any products that we may develop;
the rate of market acceptance of our Lap-Band system, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest, Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation and any other product candidates;
the cost of filing and prosecuting patent applications and defending and enforcing our patent and other intellectual property rights;
the cost of defending, in litigation or otherwise, any claims that we infringe third-party patent or other intellectual property rights;
the effect of competing products and market developments;
the cost of explanting clinical devices;
the terms and timing of any collaborative, licensing or other arrangements that we may establish;
any revenue generated by sales of our Lap-Band system, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation or our future products;
the scope, rate of progress, results and cost of any clinical trials and other research and development activities;
the cost and timing of obtaining any further required regulatory approvals; and

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the extent to which we invest in products and technologies, although we currently have no commitments or agreements relating to these types of transactions.

Until the time, if ever, when we can generate a sufficient amount of product revenue, we expect to finance our future cash needs through public or private equity offerings, debt financings or corporate collaboration, licensing arrangements and grants, as well as through interest income earned on cash balances.

Additional capital may not be available on terms favorable to us, or at all. If we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience dilution. Debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants or additional security interests in our assets. Any additional debt or equity financing that we complete may contain terms that are not favorable to us or our stockholders. If we raise additional funds through collaboration and licensing arrangements with third parties, it may be necessary to relinquish some rights to our technologies or products, or grant licenses on terms that are not favorable to us. If we are unable to raise adequate funds, we may have to delay, reduce the scope of, or eliminate some or all of, our development programs or liquidate some or all of our assets.

We incur significant costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management is required to devote substantial time to compliance initiatives.

As a public company, we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses. In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), as well as rules subsequently implemented by the SEC have imposed various requirements on public companies, including establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure and financial controls and changes in corporate governance practices. Our management and other personnel devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives. Moreover, these rules and regulations result in increased legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective internal controls for financial reporting and disclosure. In particular, we are required to perform system and process evaluation and testing of our internal controls over financial reporting to allow management to report on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting, as required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Our testing may reveal deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting that are deemed to be material weaknesses. We have incurred and continue to expect to incur significant expense and devote substantial management effort toward ensuring compliance with Section 404. Moreover, if we do not comply with the requirements of Section 404, or if we identify deficiencies in our internal controls that are deemed to be material weaknesses, the market price of our stock could decline and we could be subject to sanctions or investigations by the SEC or other regulatory authorities, which would entail expenditure of additional financial and management resources.

General economic and political conditions could have a material adverse effect on our business.

External factors can affect our financial condition. Such external factors include general domestic and global economic conditions, such as interest rates, tax law including tax rate changes, and factors affecting global economic stability, and the political environment regarding healthcare in general. We cannot predict to what extent the global economic conditions may negatively impact our business. For example, negative conditions in the credit and capital markets could impair our ability to access the financial markets for working capital and could negatively impact our ability to borrow.

In addition, the coronavirus outbreak has begun to have indeterminable adverse effects on general commercial activity and the world economy. If the impact of the coronavirus outbreak continues for an extended period, it could materially adversely impact our operating and clinical activities as a result of the impacts on our supply chain, our clinical trial sites, access to patients and additional regulatory guidance could be delayed or impacted. Our business and results of operations could be adversely affected to the extent that this coronavirus or any epidemic harms the global economy.

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We face significant uncertainty in the industry due to government healthcare reform.

In the United States, there have been and continue to be a number of legislative initiatives to contain healthcare costs. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended, (the “Affordable Care Act”) as well as any future healthcare reform legislation, may have a significant impact on our business. The impact of the Affordable Care Act on the health care industry is extensive and includes, among other things, the federal government assuming a larger role in the health care system, expanding healthcare coverage of United States citizens and mandating basic healthcare benefits. The Affordable Care Act contains many provisions designed to generate the revenues necessary to fund the coverage expansions and to reduce costs of Medicare and Medicaid, including imposing a 2.3% excise tax on domestic sales of many medical devices by manufacturers that began in 2013. A moratorium was placed on the medical device excise tax through 2019. During December of 2019, the medical device excise tax was permanently repealed.

Congress is considering legislation to replace or repeal elements or all of the Affordable Care Act. In addition, there have been recent public announcements by members of Congress and the current presidential administration regarding their plans to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act. Further, President Trump signed an Executive Order directing federal agencies with authorities and responsibilities under the Affordable Care Act to waive, defer, grant exemptions from, or delay the implementation of any provision of the Affordable Care Act that would impose a fiscal or regulatory burden on states, individuals, healthcare providers, health insurers, or manufacturers of pharmaceuticals or medical devices. At this time, it is not clear whether the Affordable Care Act will be repealed in whole or in part, and, if it is repealed, whether it will be replaced in whole or in part by another plan and what impact those changes will have on coverage and reimbursement for healthcare items and services covered by plans that were authorized by the Affordable Care Act. We expect that additional state and federal healthcare reform measures will be adopted in the future, any of which could limit the amounts that federal and state governments will pay for healthcare products and services, and also indirectly affect the amounts that private payers are willing to pay. In addition, any healthcare reforms enacted in the future may, like the Affordable Care Act, be phased in over a number of years but, if enacted, could reduce our revenue, increase our costs, or require us to revise the ways in which we conduct business or put us at risk for loss of business. In addition, our results of operations, financial position and cash flows could be materially adversely affected by changes under the Affordable Care Act and changes under any federal or state legislation adopted in the future.

We are subject, directly or indirectly, to United States federal and state healthcare fraud and abuse and false claims laws and regulations. Prosecutions under such laws have increased in recent years and we may become subject to such litigation. If we are unable to, or have not fully complied with such laws, we could face substantial penalties.

Our operations are directly, or indirectly through customers, subject to various state and federal fraud and abuse laws, including, without limitation, the federal Anti-Kickback Statute and federal False Claims Act. These laws may impact, among other things, our sales, marketing and education programs.

The federal Anti-Kickback Statute prohibits persons from knowingly and willfully soliciting, offering, receiving or providing remuneration, directly or indirectly, in exchange for or to induce either the referral of an individual, or the furnishing or arranging for a good or service, for which payment may be made under a federal healthcare program such as the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Several courts have interpreted the statute’s intent requirement to mean that if any one purpose of an arrangement involving remuneration is to induce referrals of federal healthcare covered business, the statute has been violated. The Anti-Kickback Statute is broad and, despite a series of narrow safe harbors, prohibits many arrangements and practices that are lawful in businesses outside of the healthcare industry. Penalties for violations of the federal Anti-Kickback Statute include criminal penalties and civil sanctions such as fines, imprisonment and possible exclusion from Medicare, Medicaid and other federal healthcare programs. Many states have also adopted laws similar to the federal Anti-Kickback Statute, some of which apply to the referral of patients for healthcare items or services reimbursed by any source, not only the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

The federal False Claims Act prohibits persons from knowingly filing, or causing to be filed, a false claim to, or the knowing use of false statements to obtain payment from the federal government. Suits filed under the False Claims Act, known as “qui tam” actions, can be brought by any individual on behalf of the government and such individuals, commonly known as “whistleblowers,” may share in any amounts paid by the entity to the government in fines or settlement. The frequency of filing qui tam actions has increased significantly in recent years, causing greater numbers of medical device, pharmaceutical and healthcare companies to have to defend a False Claim Act action. When an entity is determined to have violated the federal False Claims Act, it may be required to pay up to three times the actual

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damages sustained by the government, plus civil penalties for each separate false claim. Various states have also enacted laws modeled after the federal False Claims Act.

We are unable to predict whether we could be subject to actions under any of these laws, or the impact of such actions. If we are found to be in violation of any of the laws described above or other applicable state and federal fraud and abuse laws, we may be subject to penalties, including civil and criminal penalties, damages, fines, exclusion from government healthcare reimbursement programs and the curtailment or restructuring of our operations.

Failure to protect our information technology information technology infrastructure against cyber-based attacks, network security breaches, service interruptions or data corruption could materially disrupt our operations and adversely affect our business.

The operation of our business depends on our information technology systems. We rely on our information technology systems to, among other things, effectively manage sales and marketing data, accounting and financial functions, inventory management, product development tasks, clinical data, customer service and technical support functions. Our information technology systems are vulnerable to damage or interruption from earthquakes, fires, floods and other natural disasters, terrorist attacks, power losses, computer system or data network failures, security breaches, data corruption, and cyber-based attacks. Cyber-based attacks can include computer viruses, computer denial-of-service attacks, phishing attacks, worms, and other malicious software programs or other attacks, covert introduction of malware to computers and networks, impersonation of authorized users, and efforts to discover and exploit any design flaws, bugs, security vulnerabilities, or security weaknesses, as well as intentional or unintentional acts by employees or other insiders with access privileges, intentional acts of vandalism by third parties and sabotage. In addition, federal, state, and international laws and regulations, such as the General Data Protection Regulation adopted by the European Union and EEA countries can expose us to enforcement actions and investigations by regulatory authorities, and potentially result in regulatory penalties and significant legal liability, if our information technology security efforts fail. In addition, a variety of our software systems are cloud-based data management applications, hosted by third-party service providers whose security and information technology systems are subject to similar risks.

We operate in a highly competitive industry that is subject to rapid change. If our competitors are able to develop and market products that are safer or more effective than our products, our commercial opportunities will be reduced or eliminated.

The health care industry is highly competitive, subject to rapid change and significantly affected by new product introductions and other market activities of industry participants. The obesity treatment market in which we operate has grown significantly in recent years and is expected to continue to expand as technology continues to evolve and awareness of the need to treat the obesity epidemic grows. Although we are not aware of any competitors in the neuroblocking market, we face potential competition from pharmaceutical and surgical obesity treatments. Many of our competitors in the obesity treatment field have significantly greater financial resources and expertise in research and development, manufacturing, preclinical testing, clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals and marketing approved products than we do. Smaller or early-stage companies may also prove to be significant competitors, particularly if they pursue competing solutions through collaborative arrangements with large and established companies, such as Allergan, Apollo Endosurgery, Boston Scientific, LivaNova PLC, Johnson & Johnson, Medtronic or St. Jude Medical. Our competitors may develop and patent processes or products earlier than us, obtain regulatory approvals for competing products more rapidly than we are able to and develop more effective, safer and less expensive products or technologies that would render our products non-competitive or obsolete.

Risks Associated with Development and Commercialization of the Lap-Band System, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation

Our efforts to increase revenue from our Lap-Band system and ReShapeCare, and commercialize the ReShape Vest, Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation and expanded line of bariatric surgical accessories may not succeed or may encounter delays which could significantly harm our ability to generate revenue.

Our ability to generate revenue will depend upon the sales of our Lap-Band system, expanded line of bariatric surgical accessories, and ReShapeCare and successful commercialization of our ReShape Vest (if approved for sale) and

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Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation (if approved for sale). Our efforts to commercialize these products may not succeed for a number of reasons, including:

we may not be able to obtain the regulatory approvals required for our ReShape Vest and/or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation;
our products may not be accepted in the marketplace by physicians, patients and third-party payers;
the price of our products, associated costs of the surgical procedure and treatment and the availability of sufficient third-party reimbursement for the system implantation and follow-up procedures;
appropriate reimbursement and/or coding options may not exist to enable billing for the system implantation and follow-up procedures for our ReShape Vest;
coverage policies for bariatric surgeries, including Lap-Band may be restricted in the future;
we may not be able to sell our products at a price that allows us to meet the revenue targets necessary to generate enough revenue for profitability;
the frequency and severity of any side effects of our products;
physicians and potential patients may not be aware of the perceived effectiveness and sustainability of the results of our products;
we, or the investigators of our products, may not be able to have information on the outcome of the trials published in medical journals;
the availability and perceived advantages and disadvantages of alternative treatments;
any rapid technological change may make our products obsolete;
we may not be able to have our products manufactured in commercial quantities or at an acceptable cost;
we may not have adequate financial or other resources to complete the development and commercialization of our products or to develop sales and marketing capabilities for our products; and
we may be sued for infringement of intellectual property rights and could be enjoined from manufacturing or selling our products.

Besides requiring physician adoption, market acceptance of our products will depend on successfully communicating the benefits of our products to three additional constituencies involved in deciding whether to treat a particular patient using our products: (1) the potential patients themselves; (2) institutions such as hospitals, where the procedure would be performed and opinion leaders in these institutions; and (3) third-party payers, such as private healthcare insurers and governmental payers, such as Medicare and Medicaid in the United States, which would ultimately bear most of the costs of the various providers and equipment involved in our Lap-Band system, ReShape Care, ReShape Vest (if approved for sale) and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation (if approved for sale). Marketing to each of these constituencies requires a different marketing approach, and we must convince each of these groups of the efficacy and utility of our products to be successful.

If our products, or any other therapy or products for other gastrointestinal diseases and disorders that we may develop, do not achieve an adequate level of acceptance by the relevant constituencies, we may not generate significant product revenue and may not become profitable.

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We may not be able to obtain required regulatory approvals for our ReShape Vest and/or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation in a cost-effective manner or at all, which could adversely affect our business and operating results.

The production and marketing of our ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, and our ongoing research and development, preclinical testing and clinical trial activities are subject to extensive regulation and review by numerous governmental authorities both in the United States and abroad. U.S. and foreign regulations applicable to medical devices are wide-ranging and govern, among other things, the development, testing, marketing and premarket review of new medical devices, in addition to regulating manufacturing practices, reporting, advertising, exporting, labeling and record keeping procedures. We are required to obtain regulatory approval before we can market our ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation in the United States and certain foreign countries. The regulatory process will require significant time, effort and expenditures to bring products to market, and it is possible that our ReShape Vest and/or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation will not be approved for sale. Even if regulatory approval of our ReShape Vest and/or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation is granted, it may not be granted within the timeframe that we expect, which could have an adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition. Even after our ReShape Vest and/or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation is approved by the FDA, we may have ongoing responsibilities under FDA regulations, non-compliance of which could result in the subsequent withdrawal of such approvals, or such approvals could be withdrawn due to the occurrence of unforeseen problems following initial approval. We also are subject to medical device reporting regulations that require us to report to the FDA if any of our products causes or contributes to a death or serious injury or if a malfunction were it to occur might cause or contribute to a death or serious injury. Any failure to obtain regulatory approvals on a timely basis or the subsequent withdrawal of such approvals could prevent us from successfully marketing our products, which could adversely affect our business and operating results.

We depend on clinical investigators and clinical sites to enroll patients in our clinical trials, and on other third parties to manage the trials and to perform related data collection and analysis, and, as a result, we may face costs and delays that are outside of our control.

We rely on clinical investigators and clinical sites to enroll patients in our clinical trials and other third parties to manage the trials and to perform related data collection and analysis. However, we may not be able to control the amount and timing of resources that clinical sites may devote to our clinical trials. If these clinical investigators and clinical sites fail to enroll a sufficient number of patients in our clinical trials, ensure compliance by patients with clinical protocols or comply with regulatory requirements, we will be unable to complete these trials, which could prevent us from obtaining or maintaining regulatory approvals for our product. Our agreements with clinical investigators and clinical trial sites for clinical testing place substantial responsibilities on these parties and, if these parties fail to perform as expected, our trials could be delayed or terminated. If these clinical investigators, clinical sites or other third parties do not carry out their contractual duties or obligations or fail to meet expected deadlines, or if the quality or accuracy of the clinical data they obtain is compromised due to their failure to adhere to our clinical protocols, regulatory requirements or for other reasons, our clinical trials may be extended, delayed or terminated, or the clinical data may be rejected by the FDA, adversely affecting our ability to successfully commercialize our product.

Modifications to the Lap-Band system may require additional approval from regulatory authorities, which may not be obtained or may delay our commercialization efforts.

The FDA and our European Notified Body require medical device companies to initially make and document a determination of whether or not a modification requires a new approval, supplement or clearance; however, some of these regulatory authorities can review a company’s decision. Any modifications to an approved device that could significantly affect its safety or efficacy, or that would constitute a major change in its intended use could require additional clinical studies and separate regulatory applications. Product changes or revisions will require all the regulatory steps and associated risks discussed above possibly including testing, regulatory filings and clinical study. We may not be able to obtain approval of supplemental regulatory approvals for product modifications, new indications for our product or new products. Delays in obtaining future clearances would adversely affect our ability to introduce new or enhanced products in a timely manner, which in turn would harm our commercialization efforts and future growth.

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If we or our suppliers fail to comply with ongoing regulatory requirements, or if we experience unanticipated product problems, our Lap-Band system could be subject to restrictions or withdrawal from the market.

Any product for which we obtain marketing approval, along with the manufacturing processes, post-approval clinical data and promotional activities for such product, will be subject to continual review and periodic inspections by our European Notified Body and the FDA and other regulatory bodies. In particular we and our manufacturers and suppliers are required to comply with ISO requirements, Good Manufacturing Practices, which for medical devices is called the Quality System Regulation (“QSR”), and other regulations which cover the methods and documentation of the design, testing, production, control, quality assurance, labeling, packaging, storage and shipping of any product for which we obtain marketing approval. The FDA enforces the QSR through inspections, which may be unannounced, and the CE system enforces its certification through inspections and audits as well. Our quality system has received certification of compliance to the requirements of ISO 13485:2016 and will have to continue to successfully complete such inspections to maintain regulatory approvals for sales outside of the United States. Failure by us or one of our manufacturers or suppliers to comply with statutes and regulations administered by the FDA, CE authorities and other regulatory bodies, or failure to adequately respond to any observations, could result in enforcement actions against us or our manufacturers or suppliers, including, restrictions on our product or manufacturing processes, withdrawal of the product from the market, voluntary or mandatory recall, fines, suspension of regulatory approvals, product seizures, injunctions or the imposition of civil or criminal penalties.

If any of these actions were to occur it would harm our reputation and cause our product sales to suffer. Furthermore, our key component suppliers may not currently be or may not continue to be in compliance with applicable regulatory requirements. If the FDA or any other regulatory body finds their compliance status to be unsatisfactory, our commercialization efforts could be delayed, which would harm our business and our results of operations.

Additionally, if the FDA determines that our promotional materials, training or other activities constitute promotion of an unapproved use, we could be subject to significant liability, the FDA could request that we cease, correct or modify our training or promotional materials or subject us to regulatory enforcement actions. It is also possible that other federal, state or foreign enforcement authorities might take action if they consider our training or other promotional materials to constitute promotion of an unapproved use, which could result in significant fines or penalties under other statutory authorities, such as laws prohibiting false claims for reimbursement.

We are subject to medical device reporting regulations that require us to report to the FDA, Competent Authorities or other governmental authorities in other countries if our products cause or contribute to a death or serious injury or malfunction in a way that would be reasonably likely to contribute to death or serious injury if the malfunction were to recur. The FDA and similar governmental authorities in other countries have the authority to require the recall of our products in the event of material deficiencies or defects in design or manufacturing. A government mandated, or voluntary, recall by us could occur as a result of component failures, manufacturing errors or design defects, including defects in labeling. Any recall would divert managerial and financial resources and could harm our reputation with customers. There can be no assurance that there will not be product recalls in the future or that such recalls would not have a material adverse effect on our business. Once the product is approved and implanted in a large number of patients, infrequently occurring adverse events may appear that were not observed in the clinical trials. This could cause health authorities in countries where the product is available to take regulatory action, including marketing suspension and recall.

We may be unable to manage our growth effectively.

Our business strategy entails significant future growth. For example, we will have to expand existing operations in order to increase revenue from our Lap-Band system and ReShapeCare, and develop our ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, conduct additional clinical trials, increase our contract manufacturing capabilities, hire and train new personnel to handle the marketing and sales of our product, assist patients and healthcare providers in obtaining reimbursement for the use of our product and create and develop new applications for our technology. This growth may place significant strain on our management and financial and operational resources. Successful growth is also dependent upon our ability to implement appropriate financial and management controls, systems and procedures. Our ability to effectively manage growth depends on our success in attracting and retaining highly qualified personnel, for which the competition may be intense. If we fail to manage these challenges effectively, our business could be harmed.

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We face the risk of product liability claims that could be expensive, divert management’s attention and harm our reputation and business. We may not be able to obtain adequate product liability insurance.

Our business exposes us to a risk of product liability claims that is inherent in the testing, manufacturing and marketing of medical devices. The medical device industry has historically been subject to extensive litigation over product liability claims. We may be subject to product liability claims if our products cause, or appear to have caused, an injury. Claims may be made by consumers, healthcare providers, third-party strategic collaborators or others selling our products.

We have product liability insurance, which covers the use of our products in our clinical trials and any commercial sales, in an amount we believe is appropriate. Our current product liability insurance may not continue to be available to us on acceptable terms, if at all, and, if available, the coverage may not be adequate to protect us against any future product liability claims. If we are unable to obtain insurance at an acceptable cost and on acceptable terms for an adequate coverage amount, or otherwise to protect against potential product liability claims, we could be exposed to significant liabilities, which may harm our business. A product liability claim, recall or other claim with respect to uninsured liabilities or for amounts in excess of insured liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. These liabilities could prevent or interfere with our product commercialization efforts. Defending a suit, regardless of merit, could be costly, could divert management attention and might result in adverse publicity, which could result in the withdrawal of, or inability to recruit, clinical trial volunteers or result in reduced acceptance of our products in the market.

We may be subject to product liability claims even if it appears that the claimed injury is due to the actions of others. For example, we rely on the expertise of surgeons and other associated medical personnel to perform the medical procedure to implant and remove our products and to perform the related therapy. If these medical personnel are not properly trained or are negligent, the therapeutic effect of our products may be diminished or the patient may suffer critical injury, which may subject us to liability. In addition, an injury that is caused by the negligence of one of our suppliers in supplying us with a defective component that injures a patient could be the basis for a claim against us. A product liability claim, regardless of its merit or eventual outcome, could result in decreased demand for our products; injury to our reputation; diversion of management’s attention; withdrawal of clinical trial participants; significant costs of related litigation; substantial monetary awards to patients; product recalls or market withdrawals; loss of revenue; and the inability to commercialize our products under development.

Risks Related to Intellectual Property

If we are unable to obtain or maintain intellectual property rights relating to our technology and neuroblocking therapy, the commercial value of our technology and any future products will be adversely affected and our competitive position will be harmed.

Our commercial success depends in part on our ability to obtain protection in the United States and other countries for our Lap-Band system, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation by establishing and maintaining intellectual property rights relating to or incorporated into our technology and products. We own numerous U.S. and foreign patents and have numerous patent applications pending, most of which pertain to treating gastrointestinal disorders and the treatment of obesity. We have also received or applied for additional patents outside the United States. Our pending and future patent applications may not issue as patents or, if issued, may not issue in a form that will provide us any competitive advantage. We expect to incur substantial costs in obtaining patents and, if necessary, defending our proprietary rights. The patent positions of medical device companies, including ours, can be highly uncertain and involve complex and evolving legal and factual questions. We do not know whether we will obtain the patent protection we seek, or that the protection we do obtain will be found valid and enforceable if challenged. If we fail to obtain adequate protection of our intellectual property, or if any protection we obtain is reduced or eliminated, others could use our intellectual property without compensating us, resulting in harm to our business. We may also determine that it is in our best interests to voluntarily challenge a third-party’s products or patents in litigation or administrative proceedings, including patent interferences, re-examinations or under more recently promulgated Inter Partes Review proceedings, depending on when the patent application was filed. In the event that we seek to enforce any of our owned or exclusively licensed patents against an infringing party, it is likely that the party defending the claim will seek to invalidate the patents we assert, which, if successful could result in the loss of the entire patent or the relevant portion of our patent, which would not be limited to any particular party. Any litigation to enforce or defend our patent rights, even if we were to prevail, could be costly and time-consuming and could divert the attention of our

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management and key personnel from our business operations. Even if we were to prevail in any litigation, we cannot assure you that we can obtain an injunction that prevents our competitors from practicing our patented technology. Our competitors may independently develop similar or alternative technologies or products without infringing any of our patent or other intellectual property rights, or may design around our proprietary technologies.

We cannot assure you that we will obtain any patent protection that we seek, that any protection we do obtain will be found valid and enforceable if challenged or that it will confer any significant commercial advantage. U.S. patents and patent applications may also be subject to interference proceedings and U.S. patents may be subject to re-examination proceedings in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”), or under more recently promulgated Inter Partes Review proceedings, depending on when the patent application was filed, and foreign patents may be subject to opposition or comparable proceedings in the corresponding foreign patent offices, which proceedings could result in either loss of the patent or denial of the patent application, or loss or reduction in the scope of one or more of the claims of, the patent or patent application. In addition, such interference, re-examination and opposition proceedings may be costly. Moreover, the U.S. patent laws have recently changed with the adoption of the America Invents Act (“AIA”), possibly making it easier to challenge patents. Some of our technology was, and continues to be, developed in conjunction with third parties, and thus there is a risk that such third parties may claim rights in our intellectual property. Thus, any patents that we own or license from others may provide limited or no protection against competitors. Our pending patent applications, those we may file in the future, or those we may license from third parties, may not result in patents being issued. If issued, they may not provide us with proprietary protection or competitive advantages against competitors with similar technology.

Non-payment or delay in payment of patent fees or annuities, whether intentional or unintentional, may result in loss of patents or patent rights important to our business. Many countries, including certain countries in Europe, have compulsory licensing laws under which a patent owner may be compelled to grant licenses to third parties. In addition, many countries limit the enforceability of patents against third parties, including government agencies or government contractors. In these countries, the patent owner may have limited remedies, which could materially diminish the value of the patent. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States, particularly in the field of medical products and procedures.

Many of our competitors have significant resources and incentives to apply for and obtain intellectual property rights that could limit or prevent our ability to commercialize our current or future products in the United States or abroad.

Many of our competitors who have significant resources and have made substantial investments in competing technologies may seek to apply for and obtain patents that will prevent, limit or interfere with our ability to make, use or sell our products either in the U.S. or in international markets. Our current or future U.S. or foreign patents may be challenged, circumvented by competitors or others or may be found to be invalid, unenforceable or insufficient. In most cases in the United States patent applications are published 18 months after filing the application, or corresponding applications are published in other countries, and since publication of discoveries in the scientific or patent literature often lags behind actual discoveries, we cannot be certain that we were the first to make the inventions covered by each of our pending patent applications, or that we were the first to file patent applications for such inventions.

If we are unable to protect the confidentiality of our proprietary information and know-how, the value of our technology and products could be adversely affected.

In addition to patented technology, we rely on our unpatented proprietary technology, trade secrets, processes and know-how. We generally seek to protect this information by confidentiality agreements with our employees, consultants, scientific advisors and third parties. These agreements may be breached, and we may not have adequate remedies for any such breach. In addition, our trade secrets may otherwise become known or be independently developed by competitors. To the extent that our employees, consultants or contractors use intellectual property owned by others in their work for us, disputes may arise as to the rights in related or resulting know-how and inventions.

Intellectual property litigation is a common tactic in the medical device industry to gain competitive advantage. If we become subject to a lawsuit, we may be required to expend significant financial and other resources and our management’s attention may be diverted from our business.

There has been a history of frequent and extensive litigation regarding patent and other intellectual property rights in the medical device industry, and companies in the medical device industry have employed intellectual property

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litigation to gain a competitive advantage. Accordingly, we may become subject to patent infringement claims or litigation in a court of law, or interference proceedings declared by the USPTO to determine the priority of inventions or an opposition to a patent grant in a foreign jurisdiction. We may also become subject to claims or litigation seeking payment of royalties based on sales of our product in connection with licensing or similar joint development arrangements with third parties or in connection with claims of patent infringement.

The defense and prosecution of intellectual property suits, USPTO interference proceedings, reexamination proceedings, or under more recently promulgated Inter Partes Review proceedings, depending on when the patent application was filed, or opposition proceedings and related legal and administrative proceedings, are both costly and time consuming and could result in substantial uncertainty to us. Litigation or regulatory proceedings may also be necessary to enforce patent or other intellectual property rights of ours or to determine the scope and validity of other parties’ proprietary rights. Any litigation, opposition or interference proceedings, with or without merit, may result in substantial expense to us, cause significant strain on our financial resources, divert the attention of our technical and management personnel and harm our reputation. We may not have the financial resources to defend our patents from infringement or claims of invalidity. An adverse determination in any litigation could subject us to significant liabilities to third parties, require us to seek licenses from or pay royalties to third parties or prevent us from manufacturing, selling or using our proposed products, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business and prospects.

Our Lap-Band system, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest or Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation may infringe or be claimed to infringe patents that we do not own or license, including patents that may issue in the future based on patent applications of which we are currently aware, as well as applications of which we are unaware. For example, we are aware of other companies that are investigating neurostimulation, including neuroblocking, and of patents and published patent applications held by companies in those fields. While we believe that none of such patents and patent applications are applicable to our products and technologies under development, third parties who own or control these patents and patent applications in the United States and abroad could bring claims against us that would cause us to incur substantial expenses and, if such claims are successfully asserted against us, they could cause us to pay substantial damages, could result in an injunction preventing us from selling, manufacturing or using our proposed products and would divert management’s attention. Because patent applications in many countries such as the United States are maintained under conditions of confidentiality and can take many years to issue, there may be applications now pending of which we are unaware, and which may later result in issued patents that our products infringe. If a patent infringement suit were brought against us, we could be forced to stop our ongoing or planned clinical trials, or delay or abandon commercialization of the product that is subject of the suit.

As a result of patent infringement claims, or to avoid potential claims, we may choose or be required to seek a license from a third-party and be required to pay license fees or royalties, or both. A license may not be available at all or on commercially reasonable terms, and we may not be able to redesign our products to avoid infringement. Modification of our products or development of new products could require us to conduct additional clinical trials and to revise our filings with the FDA and other regulatory bodies, which would be time-consuming and expensive. Even if we were able to obtain a license, the rights may be nonexclusive, which could result in our competitors gaining access to the same intellectual property. Ultimately, we could be forced to cease some aspect of our business operations if, as a result of actual or threatened patent infringement claims, we are unable to enter into licenses on acceptable terms. This could harm our business significantly.

Risks Relating to Ownership of Our Common Stock

Our common stock trades on an over-the-counter market.

Our common stock trades on the OTCQB market and therefore may have less liquidity and may experience potentially more price volatility than experienced when our shares traded on Nasdaq. Stockholders may not be able to sell their shares of common stock on the OTCQB market in the quantities, at the times, or at the prices that could potentially be available on a more liquid trading market. The delisting of our common stock from Nasdaq in 2018 could also adversely affect our ability to obtain financing for our operations and/or result in a loss of confidence by investors or employees.

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Our common stock may be deemed to be a “penny stock” and broker-dealers who make a market in our stock may be subject to additional compliance requirements.

If our common stock is deemed to be a “penny stock” as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, broker-dealers who make a market in our stock will be subject to additional sales practice requirements for selling our common stock to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. For instance, the broker-dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and receive the purchaser's written agreement to the transaction prior to the sale. Consequently, the penny stock rules, if they were to become applicable, would affect the ability or willingness of broker-dealers to sell our securities, and accordingly would affect the ability of stockholders to sell their securities in the public market. These additional procedures could also limit our ability to raise additional capital in the future.

The trading price of our common stock has been volatile and is likely to be volatile in the future.

The trading price of our common stock has been highly volatile. The market price for our common stock will be affected by a number of factors, including:

the denial or delay of regulatory clearances or approvals of our product or receipt of regulatory approval of competing products;
our ability to accomplish clinical, regulatory and other product development milestones and to do so in accordance with the timing estimates we have publicly announced;
changes in policies affecting third-party coverage and reimbursement in the United States and other countries;
changes in government regulations and standards affecting the medical device industry and our product;
ability of our products to achieve market success;
the performance of third-party contract manufacturers and component suppliers;
our ability to develop sales and marketing capabilities;
actual or anticipated variations in our results of operations or those of our competitors;
announcements of new products, technological innovations or product advancements by us or our competitors;
developments with respect to patents and other intellectual property rights;
sales of common stock or other securities by us or our stockholders in the future;
additions or departures of key scientific or management personnel;
disputes or other developments relating to proprietary rights, including patents, litigation matters and our ability to obtain patent protection for our technologies;
the trading volume of our common stock;
changes in earnings estimates or recommendations by securities analysts, failure to obtain or maintain analyst coverage of our common stock or our failure to achieve analyst earnings estimates;
public statements by analysts or clinicians regarding their perceptions of our clinical results or the effectiveness of our products;
decreases in market valuations of medical device companies; and
general market conditions and other factors unrelated to our operating performance or the operating performance of our competitors.

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The stock prices of many companies in the medical device industry have experienced wide fluctuations that have often been unrelated to the operating performance of these companies. Following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation often has been initiated against a company. If class action litigation is initiated against us, we may incur substantial costs and our management’s attention may be diverted from our operations, which could significantly harm our business.

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market by existing stockholders, or the perception that they may occur, could cause our stock price to decline.

Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock by us or by our stockholders, announcements of the proposed sales of substantial amounts of our common stock or the perception that substantial sales may be made, could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. We may issue additional shares of our common stock in follow-on offerings to raise additional capital, upon the exercise of options or warrants, or in connection with acquisitions or corporate alliances. We also plan to issue additional shares to our employees, directors or consultants in connection with their services to us. All of the currently outstanding shares of our common stock are freely tradable under federal and state securities laws, except for shares held by our directors, officers and certain greater than five percent stockholders, which may be subject to holding period, volume and other limitations under Rule 144. Due to these factors, sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market could occur at any time and could reduce the market price of our common stock.

We have a significant number of outstanding warrants, which may cause significant dilution to our stockholders, have a material adverse impact on the market price of our common stock and make it more difficult for us to raise funds through future equity offerings.

As of December 31, 2020, we had outstanding 6,166,554 shares of common stock. In addition, as of that date we had outstanding warrants to acquire 14,285,113 shares of common stock. The issuance of shares of common stock upon the exercise of warrants would dilute the percentage ownership interest of all stockholders, might dilute the book value per share of our common stock and would increase the number of our publicly traded shares, which could depress the market price of our common stock.

In addition to the dilutive effects described above, the perceived risk of dilution as a result of the significant number of outstanding warrants may cause our common stockholders to be more inclined to sell their shares, which would contribute to a downward movement in the price of our common stock. Moreover, the perceived risk of dilution and the resulting downward pressure on our common stock price could encourage investors to engage in short sales of our common stock, which could further contribute to price declines in our common stock. The fact that our stockholders and warrant holders can sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, could make it more difficult for us to raise additional funds through the sale of equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate, or at all.

You may experience future dilution as a result of future equity offerings.

In order to raise additional capital for general corporate purposes, in the future we may offer additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock at prices that may be lower than the current price per share of our common stock. In addition, investors purchasing shares or other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing stockholders. The price per share at which we sell additional shares of our common stock, or securities convertible or exchangeable into common stock, in future transactions may be higher or lower than the price per share paid by investors in prior offerings.

Since our securities are quoted on the OTCQB market, our stockholders may face significant restrictions on the resale of our securities due to state “blue sky” laws.

Each state has its own securities laws, often called “blue sky” laws, which (i) limit sales of securities to a state’s residents unless the securities are registered in that state or qualify for an exemption from registration, and (ii) govern the reporting requirements for broker-dealers doing business directly or indirectly in the state. Before a security is sold in a state, there must be a registration in place to cover the transaction, or the transaction must be exempt from registration. The applicable broker must be registered in that state. We do not know whether our common stock will be registered or exempt from registration under the laws of any state. Since our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB, a determination regarding registration will be made by those broker-dealers, if any, who agree to serve as the market-makers for our common stock. There may be significant state blue sky law restrictions on the ability of investors to sell,

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and on purchasers to buy, our common stock. Investors should therefore consider the resale market for our common stock to be limited, as they may be unable to resell your common stock without the significant expense of state registration or qualification.

Our organizational documents and Delaware law make a takeover of our company more difficult, which may prevent certain changes in control and limit the market price of our common stock.

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law contain provisions that may have the effect of deterring or delaying attempts by our stockholders to remove or replace management, engage in proxy contests and effect changes in control. These provisions include:

the ability of our board of directors to create and issue preferred stock without stockholder approval, which could be used to implement anti-takeover devices;
the authority for our board of directors to issue without stockholder approval up to the number of shares of common stock authorized in our certificate of incorporation, that, if issued, would dilute the ownership of our stockholders;
the advance notice requirement for director nominations or for proposals that can be acted upon at stockholder meetings;
a classified and staggered board of directors, which may make it more difficult for a person who acquires control of a majority of our outstanding voting stock to replace all or a majority of our directors;
the prohibition on actions by written consent of our stockholders;
the limitation on who may call a special meeting of stockholders;
the prohibition on stockholders accumulating their votes for the election of directors; and
the ability of stockholders to amend our bylaws only upon receiving a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of all outstanding shares then entitled to vote generally in the election of directors, voting together as a single class.

In addition, as a Delaware corporation, we are subject to Delaware law, including Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law. In general, Section 203 prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in any business combination with any interested stockholder for a period of three years following the date that the stockholder became an interested stockholder unless certain specific requirements are met as set forth in Section 203. These provisions, alone or together, could have the effect of deterring or delaying changes in incumbent management, proxy contests or changes in control.

These provisions also could discourage proxy contests and make it more difficult for you and other stockholders to elect directors and take other corporate actions. The existence of these provisions could limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock. Some provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may deter third parties from acquiring us, which may limit the market price of our common stock.

Our ability to use net operating losses (“NOL”) carryforwards may be limited.

Our ability to use our federal and state NOL carryforwards to offset potential future taxable income is dependent upon our generation of future taxable income before the expiration dates of the NOL carryforwards, and we cannot predict with certainty when, or whether we will generate sufficient taxable income to use all of our NOL carryforwards. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards of $77.2 million. Of the total U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards at December 31, 2020, $1.2 million is subject to a 20 year carryover period and will begin expiring in 2021. Losses generated beginning in 2018 will carryover indefinitely. The Company had state net operating loss carryforwards of $222.4 million at December 31, 2020, and had foreign net operating loss carryforwards of $0.3 million at December 31, 2020. Net operating loss carryforwards of the Company are subject to review and possible adjustment by the taxing authorities. With certain exceptions (e.g. the net operating loss carryforwards), the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state or local examinations by tax authorities for years prior to 2016. There are no tax examinations currently in progress.

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The Company’s ability to utilize its net operating loss carryforwards, tax credits, and built-in items of deduction, including capitalized start-up costs and research and development costs, has been, and may continue to be substantially limited due to ownership changes. These ownership changes limit the amount of net operating loss carryforwards, credits and built-in items of deduction that can be utilized annually to offset future taxable income. In general, an ownership change, as defined in IRC Section 382, results from a transaction or series of transactions over a three-year period resulting in an ownership change of more than 50% of the outstanding stock of a company by certain stockholders or public groups. Due to the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets at December 31, 2020, the net effect of any further limitation will have no impact on results of operations.

We have not paid dividends in the past and do not expect to pay dividends in the future, and any return on investment may be limited to the value of our common stock.

We have never paid dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate paying dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends on our common stock will depend on our earnings, financial condition and other business and economic factors affecting us at such time as our board of directors may consider relevant. If we do not pay dividends, our common stock may be less valuable because a return on your investment will only occur if our stock price appreciates.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

Not applicable.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

We lease approximately 14,479 square feet of office/warehouse space in San Clemente, California under an operating lease that expires June 30, 2022.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company is not currently a party to any material litigation and the Company is not aware of any pending or threatened litigation against it that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, operating results or financial condition. The medical device industry in which the Company operates is characterized by frequent claims and litigation, including claims regarding patent and other intellectual property rights as well as improper hiring practices. As a result, the Company may be involved in various legal proceedings from time to time.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

PART II.

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information

Our common stock is traded on the OTCQB Market under the symbol RSLS. Price quotations on the OTCQB reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, markdown or commission, and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

Number of Stockholders

As of March 8, 2020, there were approximately 19 holders of record of our common stock.

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

The information required by this Item regarding equity compensation plans is incorporated by reference to the information set forth in Part III, Item 12 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

None.

Uses of Proceeds from Sale of Registered Securities

None.

Dividend Policy

We have never paid cash dividends on our common stock. The board of directors presently intends to retain all earnings for use in our business and does not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future. We do not have a dividend reinvestment plan or a direct stock purchase plan.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

None.

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

Not applicable.

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ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Except for the historical information contained herein, the matters discussed in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and elsewhere in this Form 10-K are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The factors listed in Item 1A “Risk Factors,” as well as any cautionary language in this Form 10-K, provide examples of risks, uncertainties and events that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected. Except as may be required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events after the date of this report.

Overview

We are the premier global weight-loss solutions company, offering an integrated portfolio of proven products and services that manage and treat obesity and associated metabolic disease. Our primary operations are in the following geographical areas: United States, Australia and certain European and Middle Eastern countries. Our current portfolio includes the LAP-BAND Adjustable Gastric Banding System, ReShapeCare virtual health coaching program, the ReShape Vest an investigational device to help treat more patients with obesity, and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation device, a technology under development as a new treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. There has been no revenue recorded for the ReShape Vest or the Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation as these products are still in the development stage.

Recent Developments

On January 30, 2020, WHO announced a global health emergency because of a new strain of coronavirus and the risks to the international community as the virus spreads globally beyond its points of origin. In March 2020, the WHO classified the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic, based on the rapid increase in exposure globally and on March 13, 2020, the United States declared a national emergency with respect to the coronavirus outbreak. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, on March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the CARES Act, which provides for the PPP. The Company received a PPP Loan of $1.0 million dollars. On March 1, 2021, the Company received notice of forgiveness in the full amount of the loan including all accrued interest. See Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements.

On March 25, 2020, the Company executed a credit agreement with an institutional investor to borrow up to $3.5 million, of which $2.5 million was received up front and on June 23, 2020, the Company received the first draw down of $500 thousand. See Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements.

On April 16, 2020, the Company implemented various short-term cost reductions and cash flow improvement actions, such as reducing the compensation for executives, management and key employees and decreasing operating expenses where possible. In addition, the Company also identified temporary headcount reductions and made the decision to furlough a portion of its workforce. During the second quarter of 2020, certain government-mandated closures began to ease and many areas throughout the world and within the United States began to allow elective surgeries. As a result of the easing, the Company did see sales volumes improve as we progressed through the third quarter. During the fourth quarter of 2020, there was another surge in COVID-19 cases resulting in a slowdown, or in some cases a shutdown, of elective surgeries. Even after the COVID-19 outbreak has subsided, we may continue to experience materially adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, on June 15, 2020, the Company ended the temporary pay reductions and the furloughed employees returned to work.

On September 14, 2020, the Company entered into the second amendment to the credit agreement that increased the amount available under delayed draw term loans by $2.0 million, of which $1.0 million was received upfront. In addition, to the increase in the amount available under delayed draw term loans, the maturity date of the loans under the credit agreement, including those under the amendment, was extended from September 24, 2020 to March 31, 2021.

On December 16, 2020, the Company entered into the third amendment to the credit agreement that increased the amount available under delayed draw term loans by $4.0 million, of which all the funds were received upfront. See Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements for further details.

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During the third quarter of 2020, the Company launched ReShapeCare. ReShapeCare is an effective, convenient telehealth based coaching program and is typically covered by insurance providers. It works in partnership with patients and doctors, helping patients treat, manage, and improve the chronic, metabolic disease of obesity through a customizable program utilizing board certified clinical health coaches with the direction of their physician.

On January 19, 2021, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Obalon Therapeutics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Obalon”), and Optimus Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Obalon (“Merger Sub”), pursuant to which Merger Sub will merge with and into ReShape, with ReShape as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Obalon (the “Merger”). As a result of the Merger, Obalon will be renamed “ReShape Lifesciences Inc.” See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements for further details.

On January 19, 2021, concurrently with the execution of the Merger Agreement, ReShape entered into a Credit Facility Agreement (“Credit Facility Agreement”) with Armistice, which is ReShape’s existing secured lender and majority stockholder, pursuant to which Armistice agreed to provide ReShape with a $15.0 million line of credit that ReShape may access from time to time until December 31, 2022. ReShape has not drawn down any amounts under the Credit Facility Agreement, but any advances will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the LIBOR rate plus 2.5%. Any advances under the Credit Facility Agreement would be subject to the Guarantee and Collateral Agreement between ReShape and Armistice dated March 25, 2020. See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements for further details.

On March 10, 2021, the Company and the Lender entered into the fifth amendment to the credit agreement. As part of this amendment the maturity date was amended from March 31, 2021 to March 31, 2022 or, if earlier, the date that is 15 days after the Company completes a capital raising transaction resulting in gross proceeds of at least $15 million. For further details see Note 16.

Financial Overview

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth certain data from our operating results from the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, expressed as percentages of net revenue (in thousands):

Year Ended December 31, 

2020

2019

Revenue

$

11,299

100.0

%

$

15,089

100.0

%

Cost of goods sold

5,037

44.6

%

5,784

38.3

%

Gross profit

6,262

55.4

%

9,305

61.7

%

Operating expenses:

Sales and marketing

4,694

41.5

%

4,847

32.1

%

General and administrative

10,527

93.2

%

17,224

114.1

%

Research and development

3,498

31.0

%

3,121

20.7

%

Impairment of intangible assets

%

6,588

43.7

%

Loss on litigation settlement

%

1,500

9.9

%

Loss on disposal of assets

%

486

3.2

%

Total operating expenses

18,719

165.7

%

33,766

223.8

%

Operating loss

(12,457)

(110.2)

%

(24,461)

(162.1)

%

Other expense (income), net:

Interest expense, net

2,049

18.1

%

451

3.0

%

Loss on extinguishment of debt

7,715

68.3

%

71

0.5

%

Warrant expense

%

49,027

324.9

%

(Gain) loss on foreign currency

(410)

(3.6)

%

(247)

(2)

%

Other, net

%

1,337

8.9

%

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

(21,811)

(193.0)

%

(75,100)

(497.7)

%

Income tax benefit

(181)

(1.6)

%

(893)

(5.9)

%

Net loss

$

(21,630)

(191.4)

%

$

(74,207)

(491.8)

%

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Non-GAAP Disclosures

In addition to the financial information prepared in conformity with GAAP, we provide certain historical non-GAAP financial information. Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures assist investors in making comparisons of period-to-period operating results and that, in some respects, these non-GAAP financial measures are more indicative of the Company’s ongoing core operating performance than their GAAP equivalents.

Management believes that the presentation of this non-GAAP financial information provides investors with greater transparency and facilitates comparison of operating results across a broad spectrum of companies with varying capital structures, compensation strategies, derivative instruments, and amortization methods, which provides a more complete understanding of our financial performance, competitive position, and prospects for the future. However, the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this Form 10-K have certain limitations in that they do not reflect all of the costs associated with the operations of our business as determined in accordance with GAAP. Therefore, investors should consider non-GAAP financial measures in addition to, and not as a substitute for, or as superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Further, the non-GAAP financial measures presented by the Company may be different from similarly named non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies.

Adjusted EBITDA

Management uses Adjusted EBITDA in its evaluation of the Company’s core results of operations and trends between fiscal periods and believes that these measures are important components of its internal performance measurement process. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net loss before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, changes in fair value of liability warrants and other one-time costs. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA in its evaluation of the Company’s core results of operations and trends between fiscal periods and believes that these measures are important components of its internal performance measurement process. Therefore, investors should consider non-GAAP financial measures in addition to, and not as a substitute for, or as superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Further, the non-GAAP financial measures presented by the Company may be different from similarly named non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies.

The following table contains a reconciliation of non-GAAP net loss to GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands).

Years Ended December 31,

2020

2019

GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(21,630)

$

(74,207)

Adjustments:

Interest expense, net:

2,049

451

Income tax benefit

(181)

(893)

Depreciation and amortization

1,667

1,706

Stock-based compensation expense

1,323

2,311

Loss on extinguishment of debt

7,715

71

Warrant expense

49,027

Loss on litigation settlement

1,500

Impairment of intangible assets and goodwill

6,588

Loss on disposal of assets

486

Other, net

1,337

Non-GAAP loss

$

(9,057)

$

(11,623)

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Comparison of Results of Operations

Net Revenue. The following table summarizes our net revenue by geographic location based on the location of customers for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, as well as the percentage by location of total revenue and the amount of change and percentage of change (dollars in thousands):

Year Ended December 31, 

Amount

Percentage

2020

2019

Change

Change

United States

$

8,275

73.2

%

$

13,309

88.2

%

$

(5,034)

(37.8)

%

Australia

1,086

9.6

%

1,167

7.7

%

(81)

(6.9)

%

Europe

1,824

16.1

%

613

4.1

%

1,211

197.6

%

Rest of World

114

1.0

%

%

114

100.0

%

Total net revenue

$

11,299

100.0

%

$

15,089

100.0

%

$

(3,790)

(25.1)

%

Net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $11.3 million, a decrease of $3.8 million, or 25%, as compared to net revenue of $15.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The primary reason for the overall decrease in net revenue is due to a reduction in sales from the COVID-19 pandemic, which caused elective surgeries to be shut down throughout the world at the end of the first quarter of 2020. Late in the second quarter of 2020, sales volumes began to improve and continued to improve through the beginning of the fourth quarter as select geographical regions began to open back up. During the fourth quarter of 2020, there was another surge in COVID-19 cases resulting in a slowdown, or in some cases a shutdown, of elective surgeries. Despite this, there was a 198% increase in revenue in Europe for the year ended December 31, 2020 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2019, which saw significant growth particularly in the UK. Although, many centers were closed, there was a push for bariatric surgery as obesity was called out as a major contributor to COVID-19 complications.

Cost of Goods Sold and Gross Profit: The following table summarizes our cost of goods sold and gross profit for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, as well as percentage of total revenue and the amount of change and percentage of change (dollars in thousands):

Year Ended December 31, 

Amount

Percentage

2020

2019

Change

Change

Revenue

$

11,299

100.0

%

$

15,089

100.0

%

$

(3,790)

(25.1)

%

Cost of goods sold

5,037

44.6

%

5,784

38.3

%

(747)

(12.9)

%

Gross profit

$

6,262

55.4

%

$

9,305

61.7

%

$

(3,043)

(32.7)

%

Gross profit. Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $6.3 million, a decrease of $3.0 million, or 33%, as compared to gross profit of $9.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. Gross profit as a percentage of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020 was 55.4% compared to 61.7% for the same period in 2019. The decrease in gross profit margin is primarily due to reduced overall sales from the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with an increase in international sales, which have a lower gross profit percentage than domestic sales.

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Operating Expenses: The following table summarizes our operating expenses for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, as well as the percentage of total revenue, and the amount of changes and percentage of change (dollars in thousands):

Year Ended December 31, 

Amount

Percentage

2020

2019

Change

Change

Sales and marketing

$

4,694

41.5

%

$

4,847

32.1

%

$

(153)

(3.2)

%

General and administrative

10,527

93.2

%

17,224

114.1

%

(6,697)

(38.9)

%

Research and development

3,498

31.0

%

3,121

20.7

%

377

12.1

%

Impairment of intangible assets

%

6,588

43.7

%

(6,588)

(100.0)

%

Loss on litigation settlement

%

1,500

9.9

%

(1,500)

(100.0)

%

Loss on disposal of assets

%

486

3.2

%

(486)

(100.0)

%

Total operating expenses

$

18,719

165.7

%

$

33,766

223.8

%

$

(15,047)

(44.6)

%

Sales and Marketing Expense. Sales and marketing expenses were $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $0.1 million, or 3%, from $4.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The primary reason for the decrease is a reduction in travel and entertainment expenses of $0.3 million, as the Company decreased travel in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and a reduction in stock-based compensation expense of $0.2 million. These decreases were offset by an increase in consulting fees of $0.2 million, due to the roll out of ReShapeCare during the third quarter of 2020, and an increase in commissions from greater International sales and a larger Domestic sales force.

General and Administrative Expense. General and administrative expenses were $10.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $6.7 million, or 39%, from $17.2 million. The decrease is primarily due to decreases in audit, consulting, and other professional service provider expenses of $3.4 million, as a result of the Company changing many of its services providers late in 2019 in an effort across the board to reduce unnecessary and overinflated expenses; legal fees of $2.3 million, primarily a result of settled litigation in 2019; stock-based compensation expense of $0.7 million, from normal employee attrition and lack of stock options being granted since 2018; and bad debt expense of $0.2 million.

Research and Development Expense. Research and development expenses were $3.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $0.4 million, or 12%, from $3.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The primary reason is due to an increase in payroll related expenses of $0.2 million from greater headcount and consulting fees of $0.2 million, due to escalated efforts with the ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation. The Company continues to focus on supreme innovation which includes developing the ReShape Vest and the investigational Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, and expanding and improving our current LAP-BAND portfolio.

Impairment of Intangible Assets. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company did not have an impairment of intangible assets. The Company incurred an impairment charge of $6.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. As a result of an impairment analysis performed during the second quarter of 2019, the Company determined there was an impairment of the indefinite-lived intangible asset recorded in connection with our acquisition of BarioSurg, Inc. (“BarioSurg”). We also assessed the recoverability of finite-lived intangible assets during the second quarter of 2019 and did not identify any impairment as a result of the performance of this analysis.

Legal Settlement. During the quarter ended September 30, 2019, the Company recognized a contingent loss of $1.5 million relating to the patent infringement claim with Fulfillium. Under the Settlement Agreement, Fulfillium agreed to dismiss with prejudice the previously disclosed lawsuits by Fulfillium.

Loss on Disposal of Assets. The Company did not have any losses related to the disposal of long-term assets for the year ended December 31, 2020. During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company recorded a $0.5 million loss related to the disposal of long-term assets acquired in connection with the lap-band purchase.

Interest Expense, Net. Net interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $2.0 million compared to $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The primary reason for the increase of $1.5 million is due to the amortization of deferred issuance costs and the debt discount recorded as interest expense, related to the credit

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agreement with an institutional investor, slightly offset by the interest expense related to the subordinated debentures in 2019.

Loss on Extinguishment of Debt. The Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt for the year ended December 31, 2020, of $7.7 million, related to the fair value of the warrants issued in connection with the third and fourth amendments of the credit agreement and discounts related to the amendments.

Warrant Expense. The Company did not have a warrant expense for the year ended December 31, 2020. Warrant expense for the year ended December 31, 2019 includes noncash expense of approximately $49.0 million for the value of the liability warrants issued in connection with our equity financing completed in June 2019 and September 2019 in excess of the proceeds received and changes in fair value of the warrant liability. As a result of the reverse stock split on November 12, 2019, the Company reclassified the warrant liability to equity.

Other, Net. There were no other, net expenses for the year ended December 31, 2020. Other, net expenses for the year ended December 31, 2019 includes $1.3 million of transaction costs required to be expensed as a result of the liability treatment for the warrants issued in connection with our June and September equity financings.

Income Tax Benefit. There was an income tax benefit of $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, while there was an income tax benefit of $0.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 for the reduction in the deferred tax liability associated with an indefinite-lived intangible asset, for which we recorded an impairment charge of $6.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2019. The income tax benefit is the result of the indefinite lived deferred tax liability that had been netted with certain indefinite lived deferred tax assets. It is also net of an increase to the deferred tax valuation allowance of $3.5 million that was primarily due to an increase in the net operating loss carryforward deferred tax asset.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We have financed our operations to date principally through the sale of equity securities and debt financing. During the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we received aggregate net proceeds of $10.5 million and $15.0 million, respectively, from debt and equity offerings, and $0.7 million and $0.3 million, respectively, from the exercise of warrants to purchase common stock. As of December 31, 2020, we had $3.0 million of cash and cash equivalents, including $50 thousand of restricted cash.

Subsequent to year end management has successfully obtained a $15.0 million line of credit and has agreed to merge with Obalon as filed on January 19, 2021, which the Company anticipates will result in the combined company’s common stock being traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market Exchange. The Company is also pursuing further funding options, including seeking additional equity or debt financing to support the expansion of the Lap-Band product line, the introduction of ReShapeCare to the market place; and the continued development and, successful commercialization of the ReShape Vest and the ReShape Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation.

The following table summarizes our change in cash and cash equivalents (in thousands):

Year Ended

December 31, 

2020

    

2019

Net cash used in operating activities

$

(8,550)

$

(14,200)

Net cash used in investing activates

(2,390)

(2,014)

Net cash provided in financing activities

 

11,075

 

13,659

Effect of exchange rate changes

(113)

(8)

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

$

22

$

(2,563)

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Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

Net cash used in operating activities was $8.6 million and $14.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2020, was primarily the result of our net loss of $21.6 million, partially offset by non-cash adjustments for amortization of intangible assets of $1.7 million, stock-based compensation of $1.3 million, loss on extinguishment of debt of $7.7 million, amortization of debt discount and deferred debt issuance costs of $1.7 million, noncash interest expense of $0.2 million, bad debt expense of $0.3 million, and provision for inventory in excess and obsolescence of $0.2 million. In addition, the Company has focused efforts on collection of accounts receivable, which resulted in an increase to cash of $1.2 million, offset by an increase in change of inventory of $1.2 million, primarily due to expected inventory buildup related to our impending manufacturing transfer and a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $1.0 million.

Net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2019, was primarily the result of our net loss of $74.2 million, partially offset by non-cash adjustments for amortization of intangible assets of $1.7 million, impairment of intangible assets of $6.6 million, stock-based compensation of $2.3 million, warrant expenses of $49.0 million and warrant issuance costs of $1.4 million. Increases to accounts receivable of $3.6 million, inventory of $0.3 million and prepaid expenses and other of $0.4 million were partially offset by cash savings due to an increase in accounts payable, accrued liabilities and warranty liability of $3.0 million.

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $2.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared with $2.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The investing activities in 2020 reflects the second annual payment of $2.0 million paid in connection with our acquisition of the lap-band product line, as well as $0.4 million of capital expenditures related to the process of moving manufacturing transfer Costa Rica to the United States.

Net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 reflected the first annual payment of $2.0 million paid in connection with our acquisition of the LAP-BAND product line.

Net Cash Provided by Financing

Net cash provided by financing of $11.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, consisted of proceeds from the credit agreement with an institutional investor of $9.5 million, $1.0 million received under the CARES Act in the form of a PPP Loan and $0.7 million in cash received from the exercise of warrants, offset by approximately $0.1 million of debt issuance costs.

Net cash provided by financing activities of $13.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, consisted of proceeds of $13.7 million from equity offerings and $0.1 million from the exercise of warrants to purchase common stock. In connection with these equity transactions, we paid an immaterial amount of related transaction costs. A portion of the net proceeds from the June 2019 equity financing was used to repay the $2.2 million face amount of convertible subordinated debentures that were issued at an original issue discount of 10 percent in March 2019.

Operating Capital and Capital Expenditure Requirements

Our anticipated operations include plans to (i) integrate the sales and operations of the Company with the Lap-Band product line in order to expand sales domestically and internationally as well as to obtain cost savings synergies, (ii) introduce to the market place ReShapeCare, (iii) continue clinical test of the ReShape Vest, (iv) continue development of the Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, (v) seek opportunities to leverage our intellectual property portfolio and custom development services to provide third-party sales and licensing opportunities, and (vi) explore and capitalize on synergistic opportunities to expand our portfolio and offer future minimally invasive treatments and therapies in the obesity continuum of care. The Company believes that it has the flexibility to manage the growth of its expenditures and operations depending on the amount of available cash flows, which could include reducing expenditures for marketing, clinical and product development activities. However, the Company will ultimately need to achieve sufficient revenues from product sales and obtain additional debt or equity financing to support its operations.

Obtaining funds through the sale of additional equity and debt securities or the warrant holders’ exercise of outstanding common stock warrants may result in dilution to our stockholders. If we raise additional funds through the

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issuance of debt securities, these securities could have rights senior to those of our common stock and could contain covenants that would restrict our operations. The sale of additional equity may require us to obtain approval from our stockholders to increase the number of shares of common stock we have authorized under our certificate of incorporation. We may require additional capital beyond our currently forecasted amounts. Any such required additional capital may not be available on reasonable terms, if at all. If we are unable to obtain additional financing, we may be required to reduce the scope of, delay, or eliminate some or all of, our planned research, development and commercialization activities, which could materially harm our business. In addition, if we raise additional funds through collaboration, licensing or other similar arrangements, it may be necessary to relinquish valuable rights to products or proprietary technologies, or grant licenses on terms that are not favorable.

Our forecast of the period of time through which our financial resources will be adequate to support our operations, the costs to complete development of products and the cost to commercialize our products are forward-looking statements and involve risks and uncertainties, and actual results could vary materially and negatively as a result of a number of factors, including the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors. We have based these estimates on assumptions that may prove to be wrong, and we could utilize our available capital resources sooner than we currently expect.

Because of the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with the development of medical devices, such as our ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, we are unable to estimate the exact amounts of capital outlays and operating expenditures necessary to complete the development of the ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation or other additional products and successfully deliver a commercial product to the market. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including, but not limited to, the following:

the cost and timing of establishing sales, marketing and distribution capabilities;
the cost of establishing clinical and commercial supplies of our ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, and any products that we may develop;
the rate of market acceptance of our ReShape Vest and Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation, and any other product candidates;
the cost of filing and prosecuting patent applications and defending and enforcing our patent and other intellectual property rights;
the cost of defending, in litigation or otherwise, any claims that we infringe third-party patent or other intellectual property rights;
the effect of competing products and market developments;
the cost of explanting clinical devices;
the terms and timing of any collaborative, licensing or other arrangements that we may establish;
any revenue generated by sales of our Lap-Band, ReShapeCare, ReShape Vest, Diabetes Bloc-Stim Neuromodulation or our future products;
the scope, rate of progress, results and cost of our clinical trials and other research and development activities;
the cost and timing of obtaining any further required regulatory approvals; and
the extent to which we invest in products and technologies, although we currently have no commitments or agreements relating to any of these types of transactions.

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Off-balance-sheet Arrangements

Since our inception, we have not engaged in any off-balance-sheet arrangements, including the use of structured finance, special purpose entities or variable interest entities as defined by rules enacted by the SEC and FASB, and accordingly, no such arrangements are likely to have a current or future effect on our financial position, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported expenses during the reporting periods. We evaluate our estimates and judgments on an ongoing basis. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

While our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we believe that the following accounting policies and estimates are most critical to a full understanding and evaluation of our reported financial results.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control of the promised goods or services to its customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Product sales consist of a single performance obligation that the Company satisfies at a point in time. The Company recognizes product revenue when the following events have occurred: (a) the Company has transferred physical possession of the products, (b) the Company has a present right to payment, (c) the customer has legal title to the products, and (d) the customer bears significant risks and rewards of ownership of the products.

For the Company’s Lap-Band product, these criteria are met under the agreements with most customers upon product shipment. This includes sales to distributors, who sell the products to their customers, take title to the products and assume all risks of ownership at the time of shipment. Distributors are obligated to pay within specified terms regardless of when, if ever, they sell the products. Refer to Note 12 for additional information about the Company’s products and contractual arrangements.

Taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are accounted for on a net basis. Accordingly, such amounts are excluded from revenues. Amounts billed to customers related to shipping and handling are included in revenues. Shipping and handling costs related to revenue producing activities are included in cost of sales.

Intangible Assets and Long-Lived Assets

We acquire intangible assets in connection with business combinations and asset purchases. The acquired intangible assets are recorded at fair value, which is determined based on a discounted cash flow analysis. The determination of fair value requires significant estimates, including, but not limited to, the amount and timing of projected future cash flows, the discount rate used to discount those cash flows, the assessment of the asset's life cycle, including the timing and expected costs to complete in-process projects, and the consideration of legal, technical, regulatory, economic, and competitive risks.

IPR&D acquired in business combinations is reviewed for impairment annually, or whenever an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate the carrying amount may be impaired. Additionally, management reviews the carrying amounts of other intangible and long-lived assets whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of an asset may not be recoverable. The impairment reviews require significant estimates about fair value,

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including estimation of future cash flows, selection of an appropriate discount rate, and estimates of long-term growth rates.

Research and Development Expenses

We record the estimated costs of research and development activities performed by third-party service providers based upon the estimated services provided but not yet invoiced and include these costs in accrued expenses and other payables in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and within research and development expense in the consolidated statements of operations. We accrue for these costs based on factors such as estimates of the work completed and in accordance with agreements established with its third-party service providers. As actual costs become known, the Company adjusts its accrued liabilities.

The Company’s CRO arrangement generally requires payments in advance of services. Upon making a payment, the Company makes a determination as to the amount to record as a deferred charge and the amount of research and development expense. The amount of CRO related costs included in research and development expense each period is based upon the Company’s estimate of the time period over which services will be performed, enrollment of patients, number of sites activated and level of effort to be expended. Any amount of advances paid in excess of expense recognized is included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. If the actual timing of the CRO’s performance of services or the level of effort varies from the Company’s estimate, the amount of prepaid CRO expense is adjusted accordingly.

We make significant judgments and estimates in determining the accrued balance and any deferred charges in each reporting period. Our understanding of factors such as the status and timing of services performed, the number of patients enrolled and the rate of patient enrollment may vary from our estimates and could result in us reporting amounts that are too high or too low in any particular period.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance for deferred income tax assets is recorded when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred income tax assets will not be realized. The Company’s policy is to classify interest and penalties related to income taxes as income tax expense in the consolidated statements of operations.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, for a discussion of new accounting standards that have been adopted and those not yet adopted.

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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Index to Financial Statements

Page

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms

47

Financial Statements

Consolidated Balance Sheets

49

Consolidated Statements of Operations

50

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

51

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

52

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

53

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

54

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Shareholders and Board of Directors

ReShape Lifesciences, Inc.

San Clemente, California

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of ReShape Lifesciences, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of the critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Classification of Series G Warrants

As described in Note 8 and 11 to the Company’s consolidated financial statement, between March and December 2020, the Company issued 6,400,000 Series G warrants. The warrants were issued to the Lender in conjunction with amendments made to the credit agreement and are classified within stockholders’ equity. 

We identified the assessment of the classification of the warrants as equity or liability as a critical audit matter due to the complexity in assessing warrant features, and the impact of those features on the accounting of the Series G warrants as equity or liability. Auditing the classification of these warrants required challenging and complex auditor judgment to

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analyze the warrant features and increased audit effort involving the use of professionals with specialized skill and knowledge to assist in evaluating warrant features.

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:  

Utilizing personnel with specialized skill and knowledge to assist in assessing management’s analysis over the classification of the warrants issued by i)  evaluating the underlying terms of the agreements that affect the recognition in the consolidated financial statements and ii) assessing the appropriateness of conclusions reached by management. 

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2019

Costa Mesa, California

March 10, 2021

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RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

December 31, 

December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

2,957

 

$

2,935

Restricted cash

50

50

Accounts and other receivables (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $968 and $709 respectively)

 

2,620

 

 

4,096

Inventory

 

2,244

 

 

1,317

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

1,073

 

 

1,711

Total current assets

 

8,944

 

 

10,109

Property and equipment, net

 

584

 

 

16

Operating lease right-of-use assets

465

758

Other intangible assets, net

27,022

28,674

Other assets

 

46

 

 

99

Total assets

$

37,061

 

$

39,656

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

3,655

 

$

4,263

Accrued and other liabilities

 

3,630

 

 

3,821

Warranty liability, current

397

105

Debt, current portion, net of deferred financing costs

3,609

1,909

Operating lease liabilities, current

314

291

Total current liabilities

 

11,605

 

 

10,389

Debt, noncurrent portion

9,168

2,728

Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent

163

477

Warranty liability, noncurrent

1,022

1,253

Deferred income taxes

615

702

Total liabilities

22,573

 

15,549

Commitments, contingencies and subsequent events

Stockholders’ equity:

Preferred stock, 5,000,000 shares authorized:

Series B convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 3 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

Series C convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 95,388 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

1

1

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 275,000,000 shares authorized at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019; 6,166,554 and 391,739 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

6

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

529,429

 

 

517,311

Accumulated deficit

 

(514,827)

 

 

(493,197)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(121)

(8)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

14,488

 

 

24,107

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

37,061

 

$

39,656

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

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RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Year Ended December 31, 

2020

    

2019

Revenue

$

11,299

$

15,089

Cost of revenue

 

5,037

 

5,784

Gross profit

 

6,262

 

9,305

Operating expenses:

Sales and marketing

 

4,694

 

4,847

General and administrative

10,527

17,224

Research and development

 

3,498

 

3,121

Impairment of intangible assets

6,588

Loss on litigation settlement

1,500

Loss on disposal of assets

486

Total operating expenses

 

18,719

 

33,766

Operating loss

 

(12,457)

 

(24,461)

Other expense (income), net:

Interest expense, net

2,049

451

Loss on extinguishment of debt

7,715

71

Warrant expense

49,027

Gain on foreign currency exchange

(410)

(247)

Other, net

 

 

1,337

Loss before income tax provision

(21,811)

(75,100)

Income tax benefit

(181)

(893)

Net loss attributable to common shareholders

$

(21,630)

$

(74,207)

Net loss per share - basic and diluted:

Net loss per share - basic and diluted

$

(3.12)

$

(42.93)

Shares used to compute basic and diluted net loss per share

 

6,927,021

 

1,728,722

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

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RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES INC.

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(in thousands)

Year Ended December 31, 

    

2020

2019

Net loss

$

(21,630)

$

(74,207)

Foreign currency translation adjustments

(113)

(8)

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

(113)

(8)

Comprehensive loss

$

(21,743)

$

(74,215)

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

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RESHAPE LIFESCIENCES INC.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(in thousands, except share amounts)

Series B Convertible

Series C Convertible

Series E Convertible

Additional

Accumulated Other

Total

Preferred Stock

Preferred Stock

Preferred Stock

Common Stock

Paid-in

Accumulated

Comprehensive

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

     

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Income (Loss)

     

Equity

Balance December 31, 2018

159

$

95,388

$

1

$

73,092

$

$

450,652

$

(418,990)

$

$

31,663

Net loss

(74,207)

(74,207)

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

(8)

(8)

Stock-based compensation expense, net

2,311

2,311

Warrant expense

130

130

Sales of common stock and warrants, net of issuance and other costs

199,167

434

434

Warrant adjustment

(312)

(312)

Conversion of common stock into convertible preferred stock

1,192,000

12

(9,933)

(12)

Conversion of convertible preferred stock into common stock

(156)

(1,192,000)

(12)

10,973

12

Warrant liability reclassified to equity

63,954

63,954

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants, net of transaction costs

118,440

142

142

Balance December 31, 2019

3

$

95,388

$

1

$

391,739

$

$

517,311

$

(493,197)

$

(8)

$

24,107

Net loss

(21,630)

(21,630)

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

(113)

(113)

Stock-based compensation expense, net

1,323

1,323

Issuance of warrants